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Ecological aspects and resource management of bamboo forests in Ethiopia

Embaye, Kassahun (2003). Ecological aspects and resource management of bamboo forests in Ethiopia. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Silvestria, 1401-6230 ; 273
ISBN 91-576-6507-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis describes the extent and condition of the natural bamboo forests of Ethiopia and their actual and potential values for society and environment. It assesses in detail the growth and nutrient dynamics in a selected highland bamboo forest in Southwest Ethiopia (Masha) and suggests solutions for its sustainable management. A specific management aspect is addressed by means of the factors that affect Oxytenanthera abyssinica seedling emergence and subsequent growth. The following were the methodologies employed to obtain the information reported herein. (1) Literature review on the Ethiopian bamboo species in relation to the situation in a global context. (2) A field study on stand characteristics, biomass and nutrient distributions and their temporal variations. (3) A greenhouse experiment on lowland bamboo (O. abyssinica) seedling performance under varying seed orientation and sowing depth conditions. Ethiopia still has large natural bamboo forests in areas that until recently were remote and inaccessible. These resources are now being destroyed under population pressure mainly for agricultural land expansion. The traits of bamboos as the fastest growing multipurpose plants with an excellent capacity to convert solar energy into forest goods and services and, thus, their potential to redress the prevalent deforestation related problems of Ethiopia are highlighted. A workable strategy to harness their potential on sustainable basis is recommended. Proper management and expansion are considered the principal components of a sound strategy to develop the bamboo resource of Ethiopia. Management approaches are suggested to improve the productivity and product quality of the remnant bamboo forest of Masha, based on diagnostic information on its condition. Expansion of the lowland bamboo forest of Ethiopia is cheaper and more practical using seeds than other propagation materials. Some methods of seed sowing are prescribed to optimise seedling emergence and subsequent growth, as part of a management strategy for lowland bamboo forest recovery and expansion in Ethiopia using seeds.

Authors/Creators:Embaye, Kassahun
Title:Ecological aspects and resource management of bamboo forests in Ethiopia
Year of publishing :April 2003
Volume:273
Number of Pages:25
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Kassahun Embaye. 2000. The indigenous bamboo forests of Ethiopia: an overview. Ambio 29, 518 - 521. II. Kassahun Embaye. 2001. The potential of bamboo as an interceptor and converter of solar energy into essential goods and services: focus on Ethiopia. Int. J. Sustain. Dev. World Ecol. 8, 346 - 355. III. Kassahun Embaye, Martin Weih, Stig Ledin and Lars Christersson. Ecology of biomass and nutrient distribution in a highland bamboo forest in Southwest Ethiopia: Implications for management (submitted to Forest Ecology and Management). IV. Kassahun Embaye, Lars Christersson, Stig Ledin and Martin Weih. 2003. Bamboo as bioresource in Ethiopia: Management strategy to improve seedling performance (Oxytenanthera abyssinica). Bioresource Technology 88, 33 - 39.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6507-9
ISSN:1401-6230
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:K Forestry > K10 Forestry production
P Natural resources > P06 Renewable energy resources
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:oxytenanthera abyssinica, bamboos, seedlings, nutrient transport, crop performance, biomass, solar radiation, energy forests, sustainability, ethiopia
Keywords:Ethiopia, bamboo forest, indigenous organisms, radiation, deforestation, biomass and nutrient, plantation, seedling performance
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-29
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-29
ID Code:229
Department:(S) > Institutionen för lövträdsodling (960101-050630)
Deposited By: Kassahun Embaye
Deposited On:14 Apr 2003 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:02

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