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Facial conformation characteristics in Persian and Exotic Shorthair cats

Anagrius, Kerstin and Dimopoulou, Maria and Moe, Anna and Bersås Ljungvall, Ingrid (2021). Facial conformation characteristics in Persian and Exotic Shorthair cats. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery , 1098612X21997631
[Research article]

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Abstract

ObjectivesThe primary objectives of the study were to examine the diversity in facial conformation characteristics within a group of Persian (PER) and Exotic Shorthair (EXO) show cats, and to contrast the results to findings within a group of non-purebred domestic shorthair (DSH) and domestic longhair (DLH) cats. The secondary objectives were to determine the PER/EXO show cat owners' perceptions of the breathing status of their cats, and to evaluate if remarks from the cat show judges concerning the cats' head and facial conformation were exclusively related to the aesthetic features of the cats.MethodsSixty-four PER and 12 EXO show cats were prospectively examined at five international cat shows, and 20 DSH/DLH cats were examined at an animal hospital. Facial conformation characteristics were evaluated by examining photos of the cats. Owners of the PER/EXO show cats answered a questionnaire concerning their cats' health status, and they were encouraged to send in the judges' score sheets from the cat shows.ResultsThe PER/EXO show cats had higher diversity in facial conformation characteristics than the DSH/DLH cats, and high incidences of hypoplasia of the nose leather (95%), the nose leather top positioned above the level of the lower eyelid (93%), moderate-to-severe stenotic nares (86%), epiphora (83%) and entropion (32%). Owners of 6/76 PER/EXO show cats stated that their cat had increased respiratory sounds and/or trouble breathing at least once a week. The cat show judges' written comments were exclusively related to aesthetic features of the cats' head and facial conformation details.Conclusions and relevanceHypoplasia of the nose leather, high position of the nose leather top, stenotic nares, epiphora and entropion were common findings in the PER/EXO show cats but not in the DSH/DLH cats. Few of the cat owners perceived that their cat had problems related to the airways.

Authors/Creators:Anagrius, Kerstin and Dimopoulou, Maria and Moe, Anna and Bersås Ljungvall, Ingrid
Title:Facial conformation characteristics in Persian and Exotic Shorthair cats
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Year of publishing :2021
Article number:1098612X21997631
Number of Pages:9
Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
ISSN:1098-612X
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:Nose, face, entropion, respiratory sounds, health status, lacrimal apparatus disease
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111521
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111521
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1177/1098612X21997631
Web of Science (WoS)000634010400001
ID Code:23304
Faculty:University Animal Hospital
VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:University Animal Hospital (UAH)
(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:19 Apr 2021 15:23
Metadata Last Modified:01 Aug 2021 16:19

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