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Essays on heterogeneity and uncertainty in climate policy and development

Gatiso, Tsegaye Ginbo (2021). Essays on heterogeneity and uncertainty in climate policy and development. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880
ISBN 978-91-7760-736-6
eISBN 978-91-7760-737-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis consists of four papers focusing on the role of heterogeneity and uncertainty in the context of climate change policy and agricultural development. By using intra-household data, the first paper illustrates differences in spouses’ perception of climatic risks and its effect on household’s adoption of climate change adaptation in sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, female spouses’ perception of climatic risks increases the household’s likelihood of adopting climate adaptation strategies, whereas males’ perception has no statistically significant effects. The adoption of livestock-based strategies for climate change adaptation is positively associated with both female and male spouses’ perceptions of climatic risks in Uganda, whereas it has a negative relationship with females’ perception in Tanzania. Moreover, both male and female spouses’ perceptions of climatic risks have positive associations with households’ likelihood of adopting crop-based strategies for climate change adaptation in Uganda and Tanzania. The second paper assesses how the impacts of climate change vary across crops and across agro-ecosystems in Ethiopia using the household-level panel data. The empirical results show that climate change will induce an increase in coffee and teff yields at high altitudes while it will decrease coffee yield at low altitudes, and barley, maize, and wheat yield at high altitudes by the years 2041-2060. The third paper provides a systematic review of literature that uses a real-options approach for the analysis of investment in climate adaptation and mitigation actions. The review shows the need of future research incorporating climate uncertainty, risk preferences, and decisions-makers’ strategic interactions. The fourth paper models farmers’ opportunity to relocate coffee farms to higher altitudes in Ethiopia as climate adaptation strategy. The results illustrate how the uncertainty in net returns and high establishment costs may induce farmers to postpone their adaptation actions. The findings of papers presented in this thesis point to the need to take into account the differences in individual behaviours, vulnerabilities and uncertainties in designing climate and development policies.

Authors/Creators:Gatiso, Tsegaye Ginbo
Title:Essays on heterogeneity and uncertainty in climate policy and development
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2021
Number:2021:29
Number of Pages:47
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-736-6
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-737-3
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Climate Research
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:Climate adaptation, Climate mitigation, Gender, Sustainable agriculture
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111577
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111577
ID Code:23334
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:23 Apr 2021 07:03
Metadata Last Modified:27 Apr 2021 14:39

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