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Why has the authorization of microbial biological control agents been slower in the EU than in comparable jurisdictions?

Sundh, Ingvar and Eilenberg, Jorgen (2021). Why has the authorization of microbial biological control agents been slower in the EU than in comparable jurisdictions? Pest Management Science. 77 , 2170-2178
[Research article]

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify reasons why the authorization of microbial pest control agents is lengthier under regulatory frameworks of the European Union (EU) than in comparable jurisdictions. A main conclusion is that although the EU and apos;s regulatory processes have strong scientific foundations, the most appropriate scientific concepts, knowledge and expertise have not been applied in the safety assessment of microorganisms and biological control. Tradition and conceptual legacies from assessments of conventional chemical pesticides have likely contributed to this by steering the evaluations of microorganisms in less appropriate directions. According to our investigation, the current framework for microbial plant protection products complies poorly with the principles that legislation should have legal predictability, proportionality, and that it should be non-discriminative, for instance in comparison to corresponding regulations in comparable jurisdictions. We also found that existing possibilities to take non-safety and ethical considerations into account can probably be used more. To rationalize the EU and apos;s authorization of microbial control products, both the basic legislation and the evaluations of agents and products need stronger rooting in fundamental microbiological science. (c) 2020 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.

Authors/Creators:Sundh, Ingvar and Eilenberg, Jorgen
Title:Why has the authorization of microbial biological control agents been slower in the EU than in comparable jurisdictions?
Series Name/Journal:Pest Management Science
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:77
Page range:2170-2178
Number of Pages:9
Publisher:JOHN WILEY AND SONS LTD
ISSN:1526-498X
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
Keywords:microbial control agents, regulatory framework, legislation, biological control, biocontrol, plant protection products, integrated pest management, IPM, European Union
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109886
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-109886
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1002/ps.6177
Web of Science (WoS)000597326500001
ID Code:23395
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Molecular Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 May 2021 18:44
Metadata Last Modified:04 May 2021 05:01

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