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Dispersal of persistent organic pollutants from fiber-contaminated sediments: biotic and abiotic pathways

Dahlberg, Anna-Karin and Apler, Anna and Frogner-Kockum, Paul and Göransson, Gunnel and Snowball, Ian and Wiberg, Karin and Josefsson, Sarah (2021). Dispersal of persistent organic pollutants from fiber-contaminated sediments: biotic and abiotic pathways. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 21 , 1852-1865
[Research article]

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Abstract

Purpose Numerous sites contaminated with fiber emissions from pulp and paper industries are found in coastal areas of the Baltic Sea, but there is limited knowledge about the magnitude of dispersal of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from these anthropogenic, organic-rich sediments called fiberbanks. The aim of this study was to quantify and compare different POP dispersal pathways from such fiberbanks. Dispersal mechanisms studied included abiotic and biotic routes (dissolved in water, particle-bound, and bioaccumulation). Materials and methods Contaminated fibrous sediments located in angstrom ngermanalven River estuary in north-eastern Sweden were studied in sediment types representing different fiber content (i.e., fiberbanks, fiber-rich sediments, and less fiber impacted sediments). Sediment-to-water fluxes of dissolved contaminants (polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)) were measured in situ using benthic flux chambers. Particle resuspension was measured by sampling bottom water, before and after disturbing the sediment surface. Benthic biota was collected to determine the body burden of contaminants and to determine biota-pore water accumulation factors (BAF(PW)) and biota-sediment accumulation factors (BSAFs). In addition, concentrations of dissolved POPs in the water column were measured in field using passive samplers. Instrumental analysis was performed using gas chromatography coupled to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (GC-MS/MS). Results and discussion The flux of dissolved sigma(20)PCBs was approximately two times higher from one of the investigated fiberbanks (3.4 ng m(- 2) day(- 1)) compared to the other. The average particle burden of PCBs was also higher at this fiberbank after artificial disturbance (15 ng g(-1) particle), which indicates that larger amounts of contaminants are likely to disperse via particle resuspension from this site compared to the other fiberbank (4.8 ng g(- 1) particle). The difference might be associated with a layer of recently settled minerogenic material that covers one of the fiberbanks, which probably functions as a protective barrier. The lack of benthic biota implies that contaminant release by bioturbation is negligible in the studied fiberbanks. However, benthic biota from fiber-rich sediment showed bioaccumulation and biomagnification of contaminants. Conclusions The importance of diffusive flux from fiberbanks under undisturbed conditions became apparent when the different dispersal pathways were quantified. However, no dispersal pathway could be judged as irrelevant, since even under undisturbed conditions, advective particle transport was significant. Additionally, the uptake by biota and trophic transfer can be considerable. Quantification of dispersal routes and understanding of the relative importance of various pathways is critical for proper risk assessment and management of contaminated sediments.

Authors/Creators:Dahlberg, Anna-Karin and Apler, Anna and Frogner-Kockum, Paul and Göransson, Gunnel and Snowball, Ian and Wiberg, Karin and Josefsson, Sarah
Title:Dispersal of persistent organic pollutants from fiber-contaminated sediments: biotic and abiotic pathways
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Soils and Sediments
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:21
Page range:1852-1865
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
ISSN:1439-0108
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
Keywords:Fiberbank, Resuspension, Benthic uptake, Sediment-to-water flux, Pulp and paper emissions
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110913
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110913
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s11368-020-02871-1
Web of Science (WoS)000618146200001
ID Code:23407
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:04 May 2021 08:23
Metadata Last Modified:04 May 2021 08:31

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