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Evaluating farm-level livestock interventions in low-income countries: a scoping review of what works, how, and why

Lindahl, Johanna and Mutua, Florence and Grace, Delia (2020). Evaluating farm-level livestock interventions in low-income countries: a scoping review of what works, how, and why. Animal Health Research Reviews. 21 , S1466252320000146 , 108-121
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Abstract

Livestock interventions can improve nutrition, health, and economic well-being of communities. The objectives of this review were to identify and characterize livestock interventions in developing countries and to assess their effectiveness in achieving development outcomes. A scoping review, guided by a search strategy, was conducted. Papers needed to be written in English, published in peer-reviewed journals, and describe interventions in animal health and production. Out of 2739 publications systematically screened at the title, abstract, and full publication levels, 70 met our inclusion criteria and were considered in the study. Eight relatively high-quality papers were identified and added, resulting in 78 reviewed publications. Only 15 studies used randomized controlled trial designs making it possible to confidently link interventions with the resulting outcomes. Eight studies had human nutrition or health as outcomes, 11 focused on disease control, and four were on livestock production. Eight interventions were considered successful, but only four were scalable. We found good evidence that livestock-transfer programs, leveraging livestock products for nutrition, and helping farmers manage priority diseases, can improve human well-being. Our report highlights challenges in garnering evidence for livestock interventions in developing countries and provides suggestions on how to improve the quantity and quality of future evaluations.

Authors/Creators:Lindahl, Johanna and Mutua, Florence and Grace, Delia
Title:Evaluating farm-level livestock interventions in low-income countries: a scoping review of what works, how, and why
Series Name/Journal:Animal Health Research Reviews
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:21
Article number:S1466252320000146
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
ISSN:1466-2523
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Keywords:Animal health, animal-source food, food security, livestock production, nutrition security, smallholder farming
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111722
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111722
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1017/S1466252320000146
Web of Science (WoS)000626143000002
ID Code:23434
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:06 May 2021 15:03
Metadata Last Modified:06 May 2021 15:11

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