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Protein supply in organic broiler production using fast-growing hybrids

welfare and performance aspects

Eriksson, Maria (2010). Protein supply in organic broiler production using fast-growing hybrids. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2010:68
ISBN 978-91-576-7513-2
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The broiler's requirements of sulphur amino acids (AA) are high; however, currently available organic protein feedstuffs generally contain only low levels. According to national organic standards, fast-growing broilers in organic production are allowed to be slaughtered at 70 d, provided that their average growth rate does not exceed 50 g/day. This means that a growth restriction is necessary and may be done by using a low crude protein (CP) diet. However, such organic diets imply a risk for low dietary AA levels, which may jeopardize poultry welfare. The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of organic, low CP/AA diets on bird welfare and to evaluate the use of hemp seed cake as a potential future protein feedstuff in organic diets. Three experiments were conducted over production periods of 70 d both indoors and in organic outdoor productions. The experiments covered evaluations of behaviour, health, physiological indicators and production when feeding fastgrowing broilers low CP and AA diets, also with the inclusion of hemp seed cake. Birds fed low CP/AA diets had lower live weights, increased activity, decreased mortality, and fewer birds had to be culled due to leg problems compared to birds fed higher levels of CP/AA. However, observed behavioural differences indicated that birds fed the low CP/AA diet showed hunger and associated frustration. These birds used their outdoor pasture much more, and had a higher forage intake, indicating a search for other nutrients than the ones provided. Cannibalism occurred in birds fed the low CP/AA diets, which is a welfare risk with such diets. Even though mortality was lowered for these birds, overall it was high and culling due to leg problems occurred during the last three weeks. The results indicate that low CP/AA diets used to maintain a maximum growth of 50 g/day are not optimal regarding bird welfare. The use of female broilers in organic production could be advantageous, to further reduce growth rates and culling due to leg problems. Another solution may be to shorten the rearing periods by approximately three weeks. The use of hybrids with lower growth rates may be an alternative in Swedish organic production and needs to be evaluated.

Authors/Creators:Eriksson, Maria
Title:Protein supply in organic broiler production using fast-growing hybrids
Subtitle:welfare and performance aspects
Year of publishing :2010
Volume:2010:68
Number of Pages:59
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Eriksson, M., Waldenstedt, L., Engström, B. and Elwinger, K. (2009). Protein supply in organic broiler diets. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section A- Animal Science 59 (4), 211-219. II. Eriksson, M., Waldenstedt, L., Elwinger, K., Engström, B. and Fossum, O. (2010). Behaviour, production and health of organically reared fast-growing broilers fed low crude protein diets including different amino acid contents at start. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section A - Animal Science 60 (2), 112-124. III. Eriksson, M. and Wall, H. (2010). Hemp seed cake in organic broiler diets (submitted). IV. Eriksson, M., Waldenstedt, L., Larsson, A., Konstenius, N. and Tauson, R. Effects of amino acid content in organic broiler diets on biochemical markers in female and male chickens (manuscript).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7513-2
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:broiler chickens, alternative agriculture, hybridization, animal growth promoters, sweden
Keywords:Amino acids, fast-growing broilers, organic production, welfare, health, hemp seed cake, biochemical markers.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3104
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3104
ID Code:2362
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Deposited By: Maria Eriksson
Deposited On:08 Oct 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:17

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