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Perceived Sensory Dimensions of Green Areas: An Experimental Study on Stress Recovery

Memari, Sanaz and Pazhouhanfar, Mahdieh and Grahn, Patrik (2021). Perceived Sensory Dimensions of Green Areas: An Experimental Study on Stress Recovery. Sustainability. 13 , 5419
[Research article]

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Natural environments have been shown to promote health, and are, therefore, important for achieving social sustainability in cities. As cities grow and become denser, it is important to develop knowledge about the characteristics of natural environments that work to promote health. Perceived Sensory Dimensions (PSDs) is a tool that defines eight different cultural ecosystem services. They correspond to different human needs (rest, exercise, socialising, pleasure, or security) resulting in rehabilitation and health and well-being promotion. An experiment was conducted to study the potential of PSDs to restore people who experienced stressful accidents. One hundred and fifty-seven participants were recruited and asked first to watch a film clip of serious accidents, then to look at the pictures, depicting one particular type of PSDs, while listening to its respective audio recording. Their stress levels were measured before exposure to the stressor (baseline), after exposure to the stressor (pre-test), and after exposure to a particular type of PSDs (post-test). The results show that all eight PSDs effectively provide mental recovery, but there are statistical differences in their potentials. As such, it is proposed that the combined potential of the PSDs is needed, and should be used to increase the capacity and supply of health-promoting urban green areas.

Authors/Creators:Memari, Sanaz and Pazhouhanfar, Mahdieh and Grahn, Patrik
Title:Perceived Sensory Dimensions of Green Areas: An Experimental Study on Stress Recovery
Series Name/Journal:Sustainability
Year of publishing :2021
Article number:5419
Number of Pages:19
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Built Environment
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Landscape Architecture
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Keywords:evidence-based health design, perceived sensory dimensions, cultural ecosystem services, social sustainability, restorative state, public health, mental health, stress reduction
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Type of IDID
ID Code:23694
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of People and Society (from 2021)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:17 May 2021 07:07
Metadata Last Modified:17 May 2021 07:11

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