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Swedish consumers´ attitudes and values to genetic modification and conventional plant breeding - The cased of fruit and vegetables

Spendrup, Sara and Eriksson, Dennis and Fernqvist, Fredrik (2021). Swedish consumers´ attitudes and values to genetic modification and conventional plant breeding - The cased of fruit and vegetables. GM Crops & Food Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain. 12 , 342-360
[Research article]

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Abstract

This study examined public attitudes to genetic modification (GM) and conventional plant breeding and explored general differences in attitudes to these two types of breeding concepts, including the effect of individual personal characteristics such as gender and age. It also sought to identify the influence of personal values linked to attitudes to GM crops and conventional plant breeding, following Schwartz value theory. Relations between specific values and attitudes to GM organisms (GMOs) have been studied previously, but not gender- and age-specific relations between specific values and attitudes to conventional plant breeding. Data were collected in this study using a questionnaire completed on-line by 1500 Swedish consumers in 2019. The questionnaire covered three different aspects: 1) sociodemographic data, including gender and age; 2) attitudes to GMO/conventional plant breeding; and 3) values, measured using the human values scale. It was found that consumers expressed more positive attitudes to conventional plant breeding than to GMO, men expressed more positive attitudes to both conventional plant breeding and GMO than women did, and younger consumers expressed more positive attitudes to GMO than older consumers did. A negative correlation between attitudes to conventional plant breeding and the value ‘tradition’, but no correlation to ‘universalism’, ‘benevolence’, ‘power’ or ‘achievement’, was identified for men. For women, correlations between attitudes to conventional plant breeding and ‘benevolence’ (neg.) and ‘achievement’ (pos.) were found. For both men and women, attitudes to GMO were negatively influenced by ‘universalism’ and ‘benevolence’, and positively influenced by ‘power’ and ‘achievement’. The implications of these results are discussed.

Authors/Creators:Spendrup, Sara and Eriksson, Dennis and Fernqvist, Fredrik
Title:Swedish consumers´ attitudes and values to genetic modification and conventional plant breeding - The cased of fruit and vegetables
Series Name/Journal:GM Crops & Food Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:12
Page range:342-360
Number of Pages:19
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Z - SLU - Library > Odla mera
ISSN:2164-5698
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Business Administration
Keywords:Attitudes, schwartz value theory, gmo, conventional plant breeding, fruit and vegetables, consumers
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111907
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111907
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1080/21645698.2021.1921544
ID Code:23727
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
(LTJ, LTV) > Department of People and Society (from 2021)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 May 2021 07:03
Metadata Last Modified:22 May 2021 04:00

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