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Refunding of a climate tax on food consumption in Sweden

Gren, Ing-Marie and Höglind, Lisa and Jansson, Torbjörn (2021). Refunding of a climate tax on food consumption in Sweden. Food Policy. 100 , 102021
[Research article]

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This paper examines the implications of imposing a climate tax on food consumption in Sweden combined with refunding of the tax revenues to farmers for selected agricultural activities enhancing ecosystem services: restoration of drained peatland (carbon sequestration), maintenance of grassland (biodiversity), and construction of wetlands (nutrient regulation). A partial equilibrium model of the agricultural sector is used to assess economic and environmental effects. The results show that the introduction of a climate tax corresponding to the existing Swedish CO2 tax of 115 euros per tonne carbon dioxide equivalent reduces total emissions from food consumption by 4.4% without any refunding of tax revenues. Refunding with payments for all ecosystems enhances the carbon sink by an amount equivalent to 57% of CO2e emissions from food consumption, and results in net benefits in the tax refund system for the agricultural sector as a whole, but is regressive where farmers in regions with relatively high incomes receive proportionally much of the net benefits.

Authors/Creators:Gren, Ing-Marie and Höglind, Lisa and Jansson, Torbjörn
Title:Refunding of a climate tax on food consumption in Sweden
Series Name/Journal:Food Policy
Year of publishing :2021
Article number:102021
Number of Pages:9
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:Climate tax, Food consumption, Tax refunding, Partial equilibrium analysis, Sweden
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Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000643562400010
ID Code:23737
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 May 2021 13:23
Metadata Last Modified:21 May 2021 13:31

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