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Approaches for mitigating the environmental impact of greenhouse horticulture

Bergstrand, Karl-Johan (2010). Approaches for mitigating the environmental impact of greenhouse horticulture. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2010:93
ISBN 978-91-576-7538-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Greenhouse horticulture creates environmental issues of different kinds. Use of energy for heating and lighting and pollution by pesticides and nutrients are major known problems, but impacts on the landscape and light emissions from supplementary lighting have also attracted attention. However, increased productivity and new technologies provide possibilities for reducing the impact of greenhouse horticulture on the surrounding environment. This thesis presents various approaches for moving greenhouse horticulture towards sustainability. Three main directions are examined: use of recirculating hydroponic systems and slow filters; use of biosurfactants to control root disease; and use of light-emitting diode (LED) technology to save energy and reduce the use of chemical growth retardants. Recirculating systems with slow filters functioned satisfactorily with respect to phytosanitary issues. The resident microflora in these systems possessed the ability to produce biosurfactants that were shown to control zoosporic pathogens. LED lighting proved useful for growth control of flowering plants. These three technologies represent good examples of measures to create the greenhouse of the future.

Authors/Creators:Bergstrand, Karl-Johan
Title:Approaches for mitigating the environmental impact of greenhouse horticulture
Year of publishing :2010
Volume:2010:93
Number of Pages:54
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI: Furtner, B., Bergstrand, K-J., Brand, T., Jung, V. & Alsanius, B.W. (2007). Abiotic and biotic factors in slow filters integrated to closed hydroponic systems. European Journal of Horticultural Sciences 72 (3), 104-112. II: Alsanius, B.W., Bergstrand, K.-J., Furtner, B., Jung, V. & Brand, T. Electrical conductivity as a limiting factor for efficacy of horticultural slow filters. Submitted Manuscript III: Bergstrand, K.-J., Khalil, S., Hultberg, M. & Alsanius, B.W. Cross response to dual pathogen inoculation in closed hydroponic growing systems. Accepted for Publication in the Open Horticulture Journal IV: Hultberg, M., Bergstrand, K.-J., Khalil, S. & Alsanius, B.W. (2008). Production of biosurfactants and antibiotics by fluorescent pseudomonads isolated from a closed hydroponic systems equipped with a slow filter. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 93, 373-380 V: Hultberg, M., Bergstrand, K.-J., Khalil, S. & Alsanius, B.W. (2008). Characterization of biosurfactant-producing strains of fluorescent pseudomonads in a soilless cultivation system. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 94, 329-334 VI: Bergstrand, K-J., Schüssler, H.K. Recent progress on the application of LEDs in horticultural production. Acta Horticulturae in Press
Place of Publication:Alnarp
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Z - SLU - Libray > Odla mera
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7538-5
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F62 Plant physiology - Growth and development
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:hydroponics, electric conductivity, enzyme activity, fusarium oxysporum, pythium, filters, surfactants, light regimes
Keywords:Biosurfactants, enzyme activity, filter skin, hydroponics, light-emittting diode (LED), microflora, Pythium, slow filter
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3137
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3137
ID Code:2408
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Horticulture (until 121231)
Deposited By: Karl-Johan Bergstrand
Deposited On:19 Nov 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:22 Mar 2015 15:12

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