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Experimental rewilding may restore abandoned wood-pastures if policy allows

Garrido, Pablo and Edenius, Lars and Mikusinski, Grzegorz and Skarin, Anna and Jansson, Anna and Thulin, Carl-Gustaf (2021). Experimental rewilding may restore abandoned wood-pastures if policy allows. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment. 20 , 101-112
[Research article]

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Abstract

Large herbivores play key roles in terrestrial ecosystems. Continuous defaunation processes have produced cascade effects on plant community composition, vegetation structure, and even climate. Wood-pastures were created by traditional management practices that have maintained open structures and biodiversity for millennia. In Europe, despite the broad recognition of their biological importance, such landscapes are declining due to land-use changes. This calls for finding urgent solutions for wood-pasture conservation. To test whether introducing an ecological replacement of an extinct wild horse could have positive effects on wood-pasture restoration, we designed a 3-year rewilding experiment. Horses created a more open wood-pasture structure by browsing on seedlings and saplings, affected tree composition via selective browsing and controlled the colonization of woody vegetation in grassland-dominated areas. Thus, rewilding could be a potential avenue for wood-pasture restoration and biodiversity conservation. However, such benefits may not materialize without a necessary paradigm and political shift.

Authors/Creators:Garrido, Pablo and Edenius, Lars and Mikusinski, Grzegorz and Skarin, Anna and Jansson, Anna and Thulin, Carl-Gustaf
Title:Experimental rewilding may restore abandoned wood-pastures if policy allows
Series Name/Journal:AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:20
Page range:101-112
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:SPRINGER
ISSN:0044-7447
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 305 Other Medical Sciences > Forensic Science
Keywords:Ecological replacement species, Horse browsing, Paradigm shift, Political constrain, Rewilding, Wood-pasture restoration
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107928
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-107928
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s13280-020-01320-0
Web of Science (WoS)000563164000003
ID Code:24195
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology

(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:31 May 2021 07:43
Metadata Last Modified:31 May 2021 07:51

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