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The response of mast cells and serglycin-dependent proteases to parasitic infection

studies on mast cells during Toxoplasma gondii (murine) and Dictyocaulus vivparus (bovine) infection

Sawesi, Osama (2010). The response of mast cells and serglycin-dependent proteases to parasitic infection. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2010:100
ISBN 978-91-576-7545-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The proteoglycan (PG), serglycin (SG), is expressed in several hematopoietic cells and studies of the SG knockout mice (SG-/-) revealed prominent effects on the storage of certain mouse mast cell proteases (mMCPs) such as mMCP-4, -5 and -6.In this thesis, the role of SGPG during parasitic infection was addressed. Both SG+/+ and SG-/- animals infected with Toxoplasma gondii had significantly elevated levels of hyaluronan and chondroitin sulfate A PG in the peritoneum. In contrast, whereas heparin/heparan sulfate was confined to the peritoneal cells in SG+/+ animals, it was almost undetectable in SG-/- animals. Surprisingly, both SG+/+ and SG-/- animals were shown to secrete active MC proteases to almost the same levels in the peritoneal cavity, despite defective storage of proteases in SG-/- MCs. Furthermore, SG-/- animals showed a delayed neutrophil recruitment and decreased levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, IL-12, TNF-a and MCP-1. In vitro stimulation of peritoneal derived MCs (PCMCs) with soluble Toxoplasma antigen induced significantly lower secretion of IL-6, IL-12 and TNF-a in SG-/- PCMCs than in SG+/+ PCMCs. In addition, when studying aging SG-/- animals, the deficiency manifested as enlargements of lymphoid tissues, particularly spleens, Peyer’s patches and bronchus associated lymphoid tissue, and was not shown to be associated with infection. Analysis of this phenomenon revealed an expansion of naïve lymphocytes through an increase in the CD4+ and CD45RC+ leukocyte population. Moreover, peritoneal macrophages were markedly increased in number in aging SG-/- animals. In response to Dictyocaulus viviparus infection in calves, tryptase positive MCs in the bovine lung and BALF were shown to correlate with disease progression. The activity and expression levels of tryptase were increased in the lungs of infected calves compared to non-infected control animals. In conclusion, MCs are actively involved in the host response to Toxoplasma gondii infection in mice and Dictyocaulus viviparus infection in calves.

Authors/Creators:Sawesi, Osama
Title:The response of mast cells and serglycin-dependent proteases to parasitic infection
Subtitle:studies on mast cells during Toxoplasma gondii (murine) and Dictyocaulus vivparus (bovine) infection
Year of publishing :2010
Volume:2010:100
Number of Pages:71
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Sawesi O., Spillman D., Lunden A., Wernersson S., Abrink M. (2010). Serglycin-independent Release of Active Mast Cell Proteases in Response to Toxoplasma Gondii Infection. J Biol Chem 285(49), 38005-13. II. Sawesi O., Lunden A., Feinstein R., Abrink M. (2010). Serglycin proteoglycans contribute to mast cell cytokine secretion in vitro, and to early neutrophil recruitment and cytokine secretion in vivo, in response to Toxoplasma gondii. Manuscript. III. Wernersson S., Braga T*., Sawesi O*., Waern I*., Nilsson K.E., Pejler G., Abrink M. (2009). Age-related enlargement of lymphoid tissue and altered leukocytes composition in serglycin-deficient mice. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 85(3), 401-408. IV. Sawesi O., Holmgren S., Andersson C., Wattrang E., Erjefält J., Lunden A., Abrink M. (2010). Tryptase-positive mast cells accumulate in bovine lung tissues during Dictyocaulus viviparus infection. Manuscript. Papers I and III are reproduced with the permission of the publishers. * Indicates equal contribution to the work
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7545-3
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:mast cell, proteases, toxoplasma gondii, dictyocaulus viviparus, immunity, parasitoses, infectious diseases
Keywords:serglycin, mast cell, proteases, immune cells, proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans, Toxoplasma gondii, Dictyocaulus viviparus.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3141
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3141
ID Code:2422
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry
Deposited By: Osama Sawesi
Deposited On:22 Dec 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:18

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