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Benefits of protected areas for nonbreeding waterbirds adjusting their distributions under climate warming

Gaget, Elie and Pavon-Jordan, Diego and Johnston, Alison and Lehikoinen, Aleksi and Hochachka, Wesley M. and Sandercock, Brett K. and Soultan, Alaaeldin and Azafzaf, Hichem and Bendjedda, Nadjiba and Bino, Taulant and Bozic, Luka and Clausen, Preben and Dakki, Mohamed and Devos, Koen and Domsa, Cristi and Encarnacao, Vitor and Erciyas-Yavuz, Kiraz and Farago, Sandor and Frost, Teresa and Gaudard, Clemence and Gosztonyi, Livia and Haas, Fredrik and Hornman, Menno and Langendoen, Tom and Ieronymidou, Christina and Kostyushin, Vasiliy A. and Lewis, Lesley J. and Lorentsen, Svein-Hakon and Luigujoe, Leho and Meissner, Wlodzimierz and Mikuska, Tibor and Molina, Blas and Musilova, Zuzana and Natykanets, Viktor and Paquet, Jean-Yves and Petkov, Nicky and Portolou, Danae and Ridzon, Jozef and Sayoud, Samir and Sciban, Marko and Sniauksta, Laimonas and Stipniece, Antra and Strebel, Nicolas and Teufelbauer, Norbert and Topić, Goran and Uzunova, Danka and Vizi, Andrej and Wahl, Johannes and Zenatello, Marco and Brommer, Jon E. (2021). Benefits of protected areas for nonbreeding waterbirds adjusting their distributions under climate warming. Conservation Biology. 35 , 834-845
[Research article]

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Abstract

Climate warming is driving changes in species distributions and community composition. Many species have a so-called climatic debt, that is, shifts in range lag behind shifts in temperature isoclines. Inside protected areas (PAs), community changes in response to climate warming can be facilitated by greater colonization rates by warm-dwelling species, but also mitigated by lowering extirpation rates of cold-dwelling species. An evaluation of the relative importance of colonization-extirpation processes is important to inform conservation strategies that aim for both climate debt reduction and species conservation. We assessed the colonization-extirpation dynamics involved in community changes in response to climate inside and outside PAs. To do so, we used 25 years of occurrence data of nonbreeding waterbirds in the western Palearctic (97 species, 7071 sites, 39 countries, 1993-2017). We used a community temperature index (CTI) framework based on species thermal affinities to investigate species turnover induced by temperature increase. We determined whether thermal community adjustment was associated with colonization by warm-dwelling species or extirpation of cold-dwelling species by modeling change in standard deviation of the CTI (CTISD). Using linear mixed-effects models, we investigated whether communities in PAs had lower climatic debt and different patterns of community change than communities outside PAs. For CTI and CTISD combined, communities inside PAs had more species, higher colonization, lower extirpation, and lower climatic debt (16%) than communities outside PAs. Thus, our results suggest that PAs facilitate 2 independent processes that shape community dynamics and maintain biodiversity. The community adjustment was, however, not sufficiently fast to keep pace with the large temperature increases in the central and northeastern western Palearctic. Our results underline the potential of combining CTI and CTISD metrics to improve understanding of the colonization-extirpation patterns driven by climate warming.

Authors/Creators:Gaget, Elie and Pavon-Jordan, Diego and Johnston, Alison and Lehikoinen, Aleksi and Hochachka, Wesley M. and Sandercock, Brett K. and Soultan, Alaaeldin and Azafzaf, Hichem and Bendjedda, Nadjiba and Bino, Taulant and Bozic, Luka and Clausen, Preben and Dakki, Mohamed and Devos, Koen and Domsa, Cristi and Encarnacao, Vitor and Erciyas-Yavuz, Kiraz and Farago, Sandor and Frost, Teresa and Gaudard, Clemence and Gosztonyi, Livia and Haas, Fredrik and Hornman, Menno and Langendoen, Tom and Ieronymidou, Christina and Kostyushin, Vasiliy A. and Lewis, Lesley J. and Lorentsen, Svein-Hakon and Luigujoe, Leho and Meissner, Wlodzimierz and Mikuska, Tibor and Molina, Blas and Musilova, Zuzana and Natykanets, Viktor and Paquet, Jean-Yves and Petkov, Nicky and Portolou, Danae and Ridzon, Jozef and Sayoud, Samir and Sciban, Marko and Sniauksta, Laimonas and Stipniece, Antra and Strebel, Nicolas and Teufelbauer, Norbert and Topić, Goran and Uzunova, Danka and Vizi, Andrej and Wahl, Johannes and Zenatello, Marco and Brommer, Jon E.
Title:Benefits of protected areas for nonbreeding waterbirds adjusting their distributions under climate warming
Series Name/Journal:Conservation Biology
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:35
Page range:834-845
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:0888-8892
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:colonization, community adjustment, community temperature index, extinction, range shift, wet-lands
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110522
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-110522
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/cobi.13648
Web of Science (WoS)000609297500001
ID Code:24346
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Jun 2021 14:23
Metadata Last Modified:01 Jun 2021 14:31

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