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Carotenoid Extraction from Locally and Organically Produced Cereals Using Saponification Method

Hussain, Abrar and Larsson, Hans and Johansson, Eva (2021). Carotenoid Extraction from Locally and Organically Produced Cereals Using Saponification Method. Processes. 9 , 783
[Research article]

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Abstract

Carotenoids are important phytochemicals contributing nutritional health benefits in the human diet, with a significant contribution from cereals as one of the major food component around the world. Different methods have been described and adopted for the extraction and isolation of carotenoid compounds. Saponification can be seen as an option for carotenoid extraction from cereals as it converts retinol esters to retinol and removes other abundant compounds such as triglycerides. Extraction of carotenoids content of locally adapted and organic cereals have been limitedly investigated and was, therefore, evaluated in the present study, with a specific aim to understand genotypic and local cultivation effects and interactions. Therefore, 17 diverse cereal genotypes of local origin were grown organically in four localities and evaluated for carotenoid content and composition by HPLC. The results showed a large variation in content and composition of carotenoids in locally adapted and organically grown cereal genotypes, with lutein as the dominating type in wheat and rye, while zeaxanthin was the dominating type in barley. High-level genotypes showed values (9.9 mg/kg of total carotenoids) similar to the highest values previously reported in specific types of wheat. The barley genotypes showed relatively high stability in carotenoids content within and between cultivation locations, while large interactions were found with the cultivation location for the rest of the genotypes, indicating their local adaptation. The local adaptation of the cereal genotypes evaluated contributes large opportunities for local production of high value, highly nutritious food products, while the direct value of these genotypes for conventional plant breeding for varieties performing similar over broad environmental ranges, are more limited.

Authors/Creators:Hussain, Abrar and Larsson, Hans and Johansson, Eva
Title:Carotenoid Extraction from Locally and Organically Produced Cereals Using Saponification Method
Series Name/Journal:Processes
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:9
Article number:783
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:MDPI
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Food Science
Keywords:organic wheat genotypes, saponification, carotenoids, lutein content, environmental effects
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112071
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112071
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/pr9050783
Web of Science (WoS)000654498500001
ID Code:24377
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 Jun 2021 10:43
Metadata Last Modified:03 Jun 2021 10:51

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