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Indirect effects of moose on the birds and the bees

Mathisen, Karen Marie (2011). Indirect effects of moose on the birds and the bees. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2011:13
ISBN 978-91-576-7548-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Large herbivores are important drivers of ecosystem processes, affecting plant species richness and composition, primary productivity, habitat structure as well as nutrient cycling. Large herbivore activities may therefore have important indirect effects on other plants and animals in the same ecosystem. The effect of herbivore activity on ecosystem processes varies with habitat productivity, herbivore selectivity, herbivore density and may be modified by different wildlife management practices. Therefore indirect effects of herbivores may also vary with these factors. In this thesis, I focus on indirect effects of moose (Alces alces) on plants and animals in the boreal forest and how these effects are modified by moose density, habitat productivity and supplementary winter feeding of moose. I studied effects of moose density and habitat productivity on species composition, growth and reproduction in the field layer vegetation and on abundance and family richness of flower-visiting insects. I also studied effects of a gradient in moose density around supplementary winter feeding stations for moose on bird species richness, abundance and reproduction. Selective moose browsing on preferred species affected species composition in the field layer vegetation, increasing abundance and reproduction in unbrowsed plant species, and decreasing abundance and reproduction in browsed species. Moose browsing in the tree canopy increased light availability and flowering in the field layer as well as family richness of Hymenoptera at sites with high productivity. Moose winter browsing around supplementary feeding stations led to reduced species richness and abundance of insectivorous birds and birds nesting at browsing height. Furthermore, high moose densities led to lower reproduction and food availability for great tits (Parus major), and higher reproduction and food availability for pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca). Supplementary feeding stations for moose brought nutrients into the system and had a positive effect on species richness and abundance of insectivorous birds, and the size of insect prey. These results show that moose activity can have indirect effects on plants and animals through changed resource availability and habitat structure, and that these effects are modified by habitat productivity and supplementary feeding of moose.

Authors/Creators:Mathisen, Karen Marie
Title:Indirect effects of moose on the birds and the bees
Year of publishing :2011
Volume:2011:13
Number of Pages:70
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI *Mathisen, K. M. , F. Buhtz, K. Danell, R. Bergström, C. Skarpe, O. Suominen, I. L. Persson. 2010. Moose density and habitat productivity affects reproduction, growth and species composition in field-layer vegetation. Journal of Vegetation Science. 21 (4). 705-716. DOI:10.1111/j.1654-1103.2010.01180.x II Effects of browsing disturbance on abundance and species richness of flower visiting insects – The role of light availability and flower density. Authors: Widenfalk, O., Mathisen, K. M., Danell, K., Skarpe, C., Bergström, R. and Persson I.-L. (Submitted to Oikos) III *Mathisen, K. M. and Skarpe, C. Cascading effects of moose (Alces alces) management on passerine birds. (Accepted by Ecological research) DOI: 10.1007/s11284-011-0815-6. IV Contrasting responses of two passerine bird species to high moose densities. Authors: Mathisen, K. M., Pedersen, S., Nilsen, E.B. and Skarpe, C. (Submitted to European Journal of Wildlife Research)
Place of Publication:Umeå
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7548-4
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:elks, animal ecology, plant animal relations, browsing, birds, insects, habitats
Keywords:Alces alces, boreal forest, browsing, cascading effects, field-layer vegetation, flower-visiting insects, habitat productivity, insectivorous birds
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3162
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-3162
ID Code:2454
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: Karen Marie Mathisen
Deposited On:11 Mar 2011 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:18

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