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Grain Quality of Maize Cultivars as a Function of Planting Dates, Irrigation and Nitrogen Stress: A Case Study from Semiarid Conditions of Iran

Jahangirlou, Maryam Rahimi and Rahimi Jahangirlou, Maryam and Akbari, Gholam Abbas and Alahdadi, Iraj and Soufizadeh, Saeid and Parsons, David (2021). Grain Quality of Maize Cultivars as a Function of Planting Dates, Irrigation and Nitrogen Stress: A Case Study from Semiarid Conditions of Iran. Agriculture. 11 , 11
[Research article]

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Abstract

Maize grain is an important source of human and animal feed, and its quality can be affected by management practices and climatic conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the concentration and composition of starch, protein and oil in grain of maize cultivars in response to different planting dates (20 June and 21 July), irrigation (12-day and 6-day intervals) and nitrogen rates (0 and 184 kg N ha(-1)). The first two principal components (PCs) accounted for 84.5% of the total variation. High N fertilization increased protein (by 6.0 and 10.9 g kg(-1)) and total nonessential amino acids (by 3.4 and 2.4 g kg(-1)) during 2018 and 2019, respectively. With the high irrigation rate, the high N rate increased oil, total unsaturated fatty acids, and starch and amylopectin, whereas with the low irrigation rate, there was no effect of the N rate. With earlier planting, total saturated fatty acids were higher. The findings highlight the complicated relationship between the different factors and how they affect quality characteristics of maize grain. There was a large impact of year, which to a great extent cannot be controlled, even in this environment where water supply was controlled and rainfall did not affect the results.

Authors/Creators:Jahangirlou, Maryam Rahimi and Rahimi Jahangirlou, Maryam and Akbari, Gholam Abbas and Alahdadi, Iraj and Soufizadeh, Saeid and Parsons, David
Title:Grain Quality of Maize Cultivars as a Function of Planting Dates, Irrigation and Nitrogen Stress: A Case Study from Semiarid Conditions of Iran
Series Name/Journal:Agriculture
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:11
Article number:11
Number of Pages:16
ISSN:2077-0472
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:amino acids, fatty acids, oil, protein, starch, Zea mays L
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112344
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112344
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/agriculture11010011
Web of Science (WoS)000609667500001
ID Code:24550
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden
(VH) > Dept. of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:16 Jun 2021 10:43
Metadata Last Modified:16 Jun 2021 10:51

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