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Genetic Engineering of Energy Crops to Reduce Recalcitrance and Enhance Biomass Digestibility

Yadav, Monika and Paritosh, Kunwar and Chawade, Aakash and Pareek, Nidhi and Vivekanand, Vivekanand (2018). Genetic Engineering of Energy Crops to Reduce Recalcitrance and Enhance Biomass Digestibility. Agriculture. 8 , 76
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Bioenergy, biofuels, and a range of valuable chemicals may be extracted from the abundantly available lignocellulosic biomass. To reduce the recalcitrance imposed by the complex cell wall structure, genetic engineering has been proposed over the years as a suitable solution to modify the genes, thereby, controlling the overall phenotypic expression. The present review provides a brief description of the plant cell wall structure and its compositional array i.e., lignin, cellulose, hemicellulose, wall proteins, and pectin, along with their effect on biomass digestibility. Also, this review discusses the potential to increase biomass by gene modification. Furthermore, the review highlights the potential genes associated with the regulation of cell wall structure, which can be targeted for achieving energy crops with desired phenotypes. These genetic approaches provide a robust and assured method to bring about the desired modifications in cell wall structure, composition, and characteristics. Ultimately, these genetic modifications pave the way for achieving enhanced biomass yield and enzymatic digestibility of energy crops, which is crucial for maximizing the outcomes of energy crop breeding and biorefinery applications.

Authors/Creators:Yadav, Monika and Paritosh, Kunwar and Chawade, Aakash and Pareek, Nidhi and Vivekanand, Vivekanand
Title:Genetic Engineering of Energy Crops to Reduce Recalcitrance and Enhance Biomass Digestibility
Series Name/Journal:Agriculture
Year of publishing :2018
Volume:8
Article number:76
Number of Pages:15
ISSN:2077-0472
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:genetic engineering, biomass, biofuel, digestibility, enzymatic saccharification
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-95401
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-95401
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/agriculture8060076
Web of Science (WoS)000436127100006
ID Code:24573
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Jun 2021 13:03
Metadata Last Modified:21 Jun 2021 13:11

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