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How to reconcile wood production and biodiversity conservation? The Pan-European boreal forest history gradient as an "experiment"

Naumov, Vladimir and Manton, Michael and Elbakidze, Marine and Rendenieks, Zigmars and Priednieks, Janis and Uhlianets, Siarhei and Yamelynets, Taras and Zhivotov, Anton and Angelstam, Per (2018). How to reconcile wood production and biodiversity conservation? The Pan-European boreal forest history gradient as an "experiment". Journal of Environmental Management. 218 , 1-13
[Research article]

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Abstract

There are currently competing demands on Europe's forests and the finite resources and services that they can offer. Forestry intensification that aims at mitigating climate change and biodiversity conservation is one example. Whether or not these two objectives compete can be evaluated by comparative studies of forest landscapes with different histories. We test the hypothesis that indicators of wood production and biodiversity conservation are inversely related in a gradient of long to short forestry intensification histories. Forest management data containing stand age, volume and tree species were used to model the opportunity for wood production and biodiversity conservation in five north European forest regions representing a gradient in landscape history from very long in the West and short in the East. Wood production indicators captured the supply of coniferous wood and total biomass, as well as current accessibility by transport infrastructure. Biodiversity conservation indicators were based on modelling habitat network functionality for focal bird species dependent on different combinations of stand age and tree species composition representing naturally dynamic forests. In each region we randomly sampled 25 individual 100-km(2) areas with contiguous forest cover. Regarding wood production, Sweden's Bergslagen region had the largest areas of coniferous wood, followed by Vitebsk in Belarus and Zemgale in Latvia. NW Russia's case study regions in Pskov and Komi had the lowest values, except for the biomass indicator. The addition of forest accessibility for transportation made the Belarusian and Swedish study region most suitable for wood and biomass production, followed by Latvia and two study regions in NW Russian. Regarding biodiversity conservation, the overall rank among regions was opposite. Mixed and deciduous habitats were functional in Russia, Belarus and Latvia. Old Scots pine and Norway spruce habitats were only functional in Komi. Thus, different regional forest histories provide different challenges in terms of satisfying both wood production and biodiversity conservation objectives in a forest management unit. These regional differences in northern Europe create opportunities for exchanging experiences among different regional contexts about how to achieve both objectives. We discuss this in the context of land-sharing versus land-sparing. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Authors/Creators:Naumov, Vladimir and Manton, Michael and Elbakidze, Marine and Rendenieks, Zigmars and Priednieks, Janis and Uhlianets, Siarhei and Yamelynets, Taras and Zhivotov, Anton and Angelstam, Per
Title:How to reconcile wood production and biodiversity conservation? The Pan-European boreal forest history gradient as an "experiment"
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Environmental Management
Year of publishing :2018
Volume:218
Page range:1-13
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
ISSN:0301-4797
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Bio-economy, Conservation, Forest policy, Intensification, Land-sharing, Land-sparing, Spatial planning, Sustainable forest management
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-95773
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-95773
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.03.095
Web of Science (WoS)000433649800001
ID Code:24591
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Jun 2021 14:48
Metadata Last Modified:21 Jun 2021 14:51

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