Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Detection, Identification, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. from Free-ranging Nonhuman Primates in Sri Lanka

Tegnér, Cecilia and Sunil-Chandra, N. P. and Wijesooriya, W. R. P. L. I. and Perera, B. Vijitha and Hansson, Ingrid and Fahlman, Åsa (2019). Detection, Identification, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. from Free-ranging Nonhuman Primates in Sri Lanka. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 55 , 879-884
[Research article]

[img] PDF
364kB

Abstract

Infections with Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. are the most frequently reported causes of human bacterial enteritis. Warm-blooded animals, including livestock, pets, and wildlife, can be carriers of the bacteria and may contaminate the environment and food products. The present study investigated the occurrence of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. in fecal pat samples from free-ranging toque macaques (Macaca sinica) and tufted gray langurs (Semnopithecus priam) collected in March-May 2015 in Sri Lanka. In 58 samples from toque macaques, Campylobacter jejuni was isolated in 10 (17%), Campylobacter coli in four (7%), and Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Virchow in two (3%). None of the bacteria were isolated in the 40 samples from tufted gray langurs. Pulse-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus sequence typing identified six profiles and four clonal complexes of C. jejuni. The isolated Campylobacter spp. showed varying susceptibility to antimicrobial substances. All Campylobacter spp. isolates were susceptible to chloramphenicol, erythromycin, florfenicol, gentamicin, and streptomycin. Four of the C. jejuni were resistant to at least one of the following: ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid, and tetracycline, and one of the isolates was multidrug resistant. All four C. coli were resistant to ampicillin, whereas the two Salmonella Virchow strains were susceptible to all antibiotics tested. The presence of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. in toque macaques may have an impact on the conservation of endangered primates and public health in Sri Lanka.

Authors/Creators:Tegnér, Cecilia and Sunil-Chandra, N. P. and Wijesooriya, W. R. P. L. I. and Perera, B. Vijitha and Hansson, Ingrid and Fahlman, Åsa
Title:Detection, Identification, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. from Free-ranging Nonhuman Primates in Sri Lanka
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Year of publishing :2019
Volume:55
Page range:879-884
Number of Pages:6
Publisher:WILDLIFE DISEASE ASSOC, INC
ISSN:0090-3558
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
Keywords:Antimicrobial resistance, Campylobacter spp., conservation, nonhuman primates, PFGE, Salmonella spp.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-102278
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-102278
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.7589/2018-08-199
Web of Science (WoS)000489688800016
ID Code:24624
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Swedish Biodiversity Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Jun 2021 15:03
Metadata Last Modified:21 Jun 2021 15:11

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits