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Climate-related land use policies in Brazil: How much has been achieved with economic incentives in agriculture?

Carauta, Marcelo and Troost, Christian and Guzman-Bustamante, Ivan and Hampf, Anna and Libera, Affonso and Meurer, Katharina and Bönecke, Eric and Franko, Uwe and de Aragão Ribeiro Rodrigues, Renato and Berger, Thomas (2021). Climate-related land use policies in Brazil: How much has been achieved with economic incentives in agriculture? Land Use Policy. 109 , 105618
[Research article]

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Abstract

Until 2019, the Brazilian federal government employed a number of policy measures to fulfill the pledge of reducing greenhouse gas emissions from land use change and agriculture. While its forest law enforcement strategy was partially successful in combating illegal deforestation, the effectiveness of positive incentive measures in agriculture has been less clear. The reason is that emissions reduction from market-based incentives such as the Brazilian Low-Carbon Agriculture Plan cannot be easily verified with current remote sensing monitoring approaches. Farmers have adopted a large variety of integrated land-use systems of crop, livestock and forestry with highly diverse per-hectare carbon balances. Their responses to policy incentives were largely driven by cost and benefit considerations at the farm level and not necessarily aligned with federal environmental objectives. This article analyzes climate-related land-use policies in the state of Mato Grosso, where highly mechanized soybean–cotton and soybean–maize cropping systems prevail. We employ agent-based bioeconomic simulation together with life-cycle assessment to explicitly capture the heterogeneity of farm-level costs, benefits of adoption, and greenhouse gas emissions. Our analysis confirms previous assessments but suggests a smaller farmer policy response when measured as increase in area of integrated systems. In terms of net carbon balances, our simulation results indicate that mitigation effects at the farm level depended heavily on the exact type of livestock and grazing system. The available data were insufficient to rule out even adverse effects. The Brazilian experience thus offers lessons for other land-rich countries that build their climate mitigation policies on economic incentives in agriculture.

Authors/Creators:Carauta, Marcelo and Troost, Christian and Guzman-Bustamante, Ivan and Hampf, Anna and Libera, Affonso and Meurer, Katharina and Bönecke, Eric and Franko, Uwe and de Aragão Ribeiro Rodrigues, Renato and Berger, Thomas
Title:Climate-related land use policies in Brazil: How much has been achieved with economic incentives in agriculture?
Series Name/Journal:Land Use Policy
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:109
Article number:105618
Number of Pages:11
ISSN:0264-8377
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:Agricultural land use, Green financing, Diffusion of climate-friendly technologies, Model uncertainty analysis, High-performance computing
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112572
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112572
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105618
ID Code:24752
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:29 Jun 2021 13:25
Metadata Last Modified:29 Jun 2021 13:31

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