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Reindeer husbandry in peril?—How extractive industries exert multiple pressures on an Arctic pastoral ecosystem

Fohringer, Christian and Rosqvist, Gunhild and Niila, Inga and Singh, Navinder (2021). Reindeer husbandry in peril?—How extractive industries exert multiple pressures on an Arctic pastoral ecosystem. People and nature - a journal of relational thinking. 3 , 872-886
[Research article]

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Abstract

Environmental changes and their consequences on biodiversity are known to have far-reaching effects on the resilience of animal populations and associated livelihoods around the world. To counteract negative demographic and economic effects on pastoralism, knowledge about the historical and current status of the environment is essential. In this study, we show how extractive industries, especially large-scale mining, induced a cascade of land conversions which are affecting animal populations and pastoralists’ adaptive responses in northern Sweden. We examine social–ecological vulnerability in Arctic reindeer husbandry by integrating herders’ knowledge, population statistics for semi-domesticated reindeer Rangifer t. tarandus, public data on socio-economic variables and geospatial tools. We determine that approximately 34% of Laevas reindeer herding community's grazing grounds are functionally unavailable to reindeer at present due to the accumulation of multiple competing land use pressures. Reindeer numbers currently only remain stable due to increased management efforts. Moreover, we identified current hotspots of high cumulative impact and mineral exploration as the spatially dominating land use factor in this area. Our approach and results provide new insights for scientifically robust cumulative impact assessments of anthropogenic stressors by creating a baseline of current developments via a combination of reindeer herder's knowledge with historical data of trends and extents of human activity over the last century.

Authors/Creators:Fohringer, Christian and Rosqvist, Gunhild and Niila, Inga and Singh, Navinder
Title:Reindeer husbandry in peril?—How extractive industries exert multiple pressures on an Arctic pastoral ecosystem
Series Name/Journal:People and nature - a journal of relational thinking
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:3
Page range:872-886
Number of Pages:15
ISSN:2575-8314
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
Keywords:cumulative impacts, herder knowledge, historical time series, land use, reindeer herding, resource extraction, semi-domesticated reindeer
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112891
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112891
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1002/pan3.10234
ID Code:24878
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:12 Aug 2021 08:06
Metadata Last Modified:12 Aug 2021 08:11

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