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The influence of fencing on seedling establishment during reforestation of oak stands: a comparison of artificial and natural regeneration techniques including costs

Löf, Magnus and Barrere, Julien and Engman, Mattias and Petersson, Linda K. and Villalobos, Adrian (2021). The influence of fencing on seedling establishment during reforestation of oak stands: a comparison of artificial and natural regeneration techniques including costs. European Journal of Forest Research. 140 , 807-817
[Research article]

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Abstract

In temperate Europe, oak-dominated forests are widespread, supporting high biodiversity and providing important ecosystem services. Insufficient natural regeneration has, however, been a concern for over a century. The objective of this study was to gain insights into differences in regeneration success using artificial and natural regeneration techniques for reforestation of oak (Quercus robur L.) stands. We monitored seedlings following planting, direct seeding and natural regeneration over five years in a randomized block experiment in southern Sweden with fenced and non-fenced plots. Fencing had a strong positive effect on height growth, especially for planted seedlings that were taller than the other seedlings and more frequently browsed in non-fenced plots. In contrast, there was little effect of fencing on survival, establishment rate and recruitment rate of seedlings. Due to aboveground damage on seedlings from voles, protection of acorns did not improve establishment rate following direct seeding. Under current circumstances at the site with a sparse shelterwood of old oaks, we conclude that natural regeneration was the most cost-efficient regeneration method. It resulted in the most seedlings at the lowest cost. However, regeneration success was heavily influenced by interference from herbaceous vegetation. With a small additional investment in vegetation control, the results might have been improved for planting and direct seeding.

Authors/Creators:Löf, Magnus and Barrere, Julien and Engman, Mattias and Petersson, Linda K. and Villalobos, Adrian
Title:The influence of fencing on seedling establishment during reforestation of oak stands: a comparison of artificial and natural regeneration techniques including costs
Series Name/Journal:European Journal of Forest Research
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:140
Page range:807-817
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:SPRINGER
ISSN:1612-4669
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:Competition, Deer, Herbivory, Pedunculate oak, Regeneration method, Silviculture
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111215
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111215
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s10342-021-01369-w
Web of Science (WoS)000623829300001
ID Code:24986
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:23 Aug 2021 11:25
Metadata Last Modified:23 Aug 2021 11:31

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