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Effects on nitrate leaching of the timing of cattle slurry application to leys

Delin, Sofia and Stenberg, Maria (2021). Effects on nitrate leaching of the timing of cattle slurry application to leys. Soil Use and Management. 37 , 436-448
[Research article]

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Abstract

This study compared the effects on nitrate leaching of slurry application to ley in early Autumn (15 September), late Autumn (1 November) and Spring (April) under Swedish growing conditions. In two separate two-year experiments, started in Autumn 2009 and 2010, on a sandy loam soil in south-west Sweden, these three application times were compared with no slurry application in grass-clover and grass swards. Soil water was sampled with ceramic suction cups, and nitrate leaching was calculated from water nitrate concentrations and drain discharge. Plant measurements indicated that, during Autumn, the grass took up at least 20 kg of the 50 kg nitrogen (N) applied with slurry in September. The mineral nitrogen level in the subsoil (30-90 cm) in December was around 2 kg N ha(-1) higher in this treatment. Nitrate leaching was on average 5 and 6 kg N ha(-1) year(-1) higher after early and late Autumn slurry application, respectively, than after Spring application (p < .001), but the difference varied from 0 to 10 kg N ha(-1) year(-1) between experiments and sward types. Nitrate leaching losses in kg N ha(-1) were lower from the grass sward, but higher if related to nitrogen inputs and dry matter yield. These results indicate that Autumn application can increase the risk of nitrate leaching, but that early/late application within Autumn is less important. It is more important to limit the amount of slurry applied in Autumn and to consider other risks of nitrogen losses associated with time of application, such as ammonia emissions.

Authors/Creators:Delin, Sofia and Stenberg, Maria
Title:Effects on nitrate leaching of the timing of cattle slurry application to leys
Series Name/Journal:Soil Use and Management
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:37
Page range:436-448
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:0266-0032
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Soil Science
Keywords:cattle slurry, grassland, ley, manure, nitrate leaching
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106046
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-106046
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/sum.12595
Web of Science (WoS)000534224900001
ID Code:25010
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:24 Aug 2021 14:23
Metadata Last Modified:24 Aug 2021 14:31

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