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Differences in equine spinal kinematics between straight line and circle in trot

Byström, Anna and Hardeman, A. M. and Serra Braganca, F. M. and Roepstorff, Lars and Swagemakers, J. H. and van Weeren, P. R. and Egenvall, Agneta (2021). Differences in equine spinal kinematics between straight line and circle in trot. Scientific Reports. 11 , 12832
[Research article]

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Abstract

Work on curved tracks, e.g. on circles, is commonplace within all forms of horse training. Horse movements in circles are naturally asymmetric, including the load distribution between inner and outer limbs. Within equestrian dressage the horse is expected to bend the back laterally to follow the circle, but this has never been studied scientifically. In the current study 12 horses were measured (optical motion capture, 100 Hz) trotting on left and right circles and on the straight without rider (soft surface). Data from markers placed along the spine indicated increased lateral bending to the inside (e.g. left bending on the left circle) of the thoracolumbar back (difference left circle vs. straight - 3.75 degrees; right circle+3.61 degrees) and the neck (left - 5.23 degrees; right+4.80 degrees vs. straight). Lateral bending ROM increased on the circle (+0.87 degrees and+0.62 degrees). Individual variation in straight-circle differences was evident, but each horse was generally consistent over multiple trials. Differences in back movements between circle and straight were generally small and may or may not be visible, but accompanying changes in muscle activity and limb movements may add to the visual impression.

Authors/Creators:Byström, Anna and Hardeman, A. M. and Serra Braganca, F. M. and Roepstorff, Lars and Swagemakers, J. H. and van Weeren, P. R. and Egenvall, Agneta
Title:Differences in equine spinal kinematics between straight line and circle in trot
Series Name/Journal:Scientific Reports
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:11
Article number:12832
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:NATURE RESEARCH
ISSN:2045-2322
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Medical Bioscience
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113114
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113114
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1038/s41598-021-92272-2
Web of Science (WoS)000665056700001
ID Code:25065
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry
(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:26 Aug 2021 17:25
Metadata Last Modified:27 Aug 2021 05:01

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