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Wind energy facilities affect resource selection of capercaillie Tetrao urogallus

Taubmann, Julia and Kammerle, Jim-Lino and Andren, Henrik and Braunisch, Veronika and Storch, Ilse and Fiedler, Wolfgang and Suchant, Rudi and Coppes, Joy (2021). Wind energy facilities affect resource selection of capercaillie Tetrao urogallus. Wildlife Biology. 2021 , wlb.00737
[Research article]

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Abstract

The recent increase in wind energy facilities (WEF) has led to concerns about their effect on wildlife. While the focus of most studies has mainly been on increased mortality of birds and bats due to collision, indirect effects, such as behavioural responses, arc currently gaining attention. Indeed, effects of WEF on the behaviour of forest dwelling wildlife still remain largely unknown. Using GPS-tracking of 16 individuals, we studied how seasonal resource selection of the capercaillie Tetrao urogallus, a forest grouse species known as sensitive to disturbance by human presence and infrastructure, was related to wind turbines and other environmental covariates in a wind farm in Sweden. During the lekking season, the probability of site-selection by capercaillic decreased with increasing turbine noise, turbine visibility and turbine shadow. During summer, we found reduced resource selection with increasing proximity to the turbines (up to 865 m), turbine density, noise, shadow and visibility. Furthermore, we found an avoidance of turbine access roads. Due to the high collinearity of the wind turbine predictors it was not possible to identify the specific mechanism causing turbine avoidance. Our study reveals that forest dwelling species with known sensitivity to other forms of human disturbance (i.e. recreation) are also likely to be affected by wind turbine presence. In addition, we provide proximity thresholds below which effects are likely to be present as a basis for conservation planning.

Authors/Creators:Taubmann, Julia and Kammerle, Jim-Lino and Andren, Henrik and Braunisch, Veronika and Storch, Ilse and Fiedler, Wolfgang and Suchant, Rudi and Coppes, Joy
Title:Wind energy facilities affect resource selection of capercaillie Tetrao urogallus
Series Name/Journal:Wildlife Biology
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:2021
Article number:wlb.00737
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:WILDLIFE BIOLOGY
ISSN:0909-6396
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:avoidance, capercaillie, forest grouse, GPS telemetry, resource selection, wind energy
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113204
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113204
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.2981/wlb.00737
Web of Science (WoS)000672752300004
ID Code:25109
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:30 Aug 2021 19:25
Metadata Last Modified:31 Aug 2021 05:01

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