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The 3Rs in Animal Welfare Bodies at Swedish Universities - Knowledge, Attitudes, Implementation

Lindsjö, Johan and Berg, Charlotte and Olsson, Ulf and Tornqvist, Elin (2021). The 3Rs in Animal Welfare Bodies at Swedish Universities - Knowledge, Attitudes, Implementation. Altex. 38 , 477-489
[Research article]

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Abstract

The implementation of the 3Rs (replacement, reduction and refinement) is emphasized in EU Directive 2010/63.16 task of the animal welfare bodies (AWB) is to strengthen animal welfare and develop the 3Rs at research animal facilities. In 2016, we surveyed the knowledge on, attitudes towards and implementation of the 3Rs within AWBs at eight major Swedish universities. Based on responses of 34 closed-ended questions from 44 of 90 AWB members, the overall attitude towards the 3Rs was positive. AWB members did not believe that the 3Rs slow down innovation or result in increased costs, and refinement was considered beneficial for research quality. AWB members were particularly positive towards refinement questions in the survey. A majority of the AWB members predicted that alternative methods will never replace animal use. Researchers as a group represented in the AWBs were significantly less positive towards the 3Rs compared to the group of veterinarians. The tasks of the AWBs, e.g., giving advice on the 3Rs and following up on animal use in projects, were often not carried out in the AWB or not known by the respondents. Our results indicate a need for more practical and regulatory guidance and support to the AWBs. To reach the goal of the EU Directive to phase out animal use in research and education, we suggest that technical expertise in replacement techniques is included in the AWBs. We emphasize the need to strengthen the awareness of the 3Rs among researchers at Swedish universities.

Authors/Creators:Lindsjö, Johan and Berg, Charlotte and Olsson, Ulf and Tornqvist, Elin
Title:The 3Rs in Animal Welfare Bodies at Swedish Universities - Knowledge, Attitudes, Implementation
Series Name/Journal:Altex
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:38
Page range:477-489
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:SPEKTRUM AKADEMISCHER VERLAG-SPRINGER-VERLAG GMBH
ISSN:1868-596X
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113248
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113248
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.14573/altex.1911141
Web of Science (WoS)000675218200009
ID Code:25130
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Environment and Health
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:31 Aug 2021 11:26
Metadata Last Modified:31 Aug 2021 11:31

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