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Reaping the Benefits of Microorganisms in Cropping Systems: Is the Regulatory Policy Adequate?

Sundh, Ingvar and Del Giudice, Teresa and Cembalo, Luigi (2021). Reaping the Benefits of Microorganisms in Cropping Systems: Is the Regulatory Policy Adequate? Microorganisms. 9 , 1437
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Within food plant cropping systems, microorganisms provide vital functions and ecosystem services, such as biological pest and disease control, promotion of plant growth and crop quality, and biodegradation of organic matter and pollutants. The beneficial effects of microorganisms can be achieved and/or enhanced by agricultural management measures that target the resident microbial biodiversity or by augmentation with domesticated and propagated microbial strains. This study presents a critical review of the current legislation and regulatory policies pertaining to the utilization of plant-beneficial microorganisms in the European Union (EU). For augmentative approaches, the nature of the intended effect and the product claim determine how a microbiological product is categorized and regulated, and pre-market authorization may be mandatory. Typically, microbial products have been incorporated into frameworks that were designed for evaluating non-living substances, and are therefore not well suited to the specific properties of live microorganisms. We suggest that regulatory harmonization across the sector could stimulate technical development and facilitate implementation of crop management methods employing microorganisms. Possible scenarios for regulatory reform in the longer term are discussed, but more investigation into their feasibility is needed. The findings of this study should serve as a catalyst for more efficient future use of plant-beneficial microorganisms, to the benefit of agriculture as well as the environment.

Authors/Creators:Sundh, Ingvar and Del Giudice, Teresa and Cembalo, Luigi
Title:Reaping the Benefits of Microorganisms in Cropping Systems: Is the Regulatory Policy Adequate?
Series Name/Journal:Microorganisms
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:9
Article number:1437
Number of Pages:18
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2076-2607
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:plant-beneficial microorganisms, regulatory framework, legislation, biological control, biocontrol, plant protection product, plant growth promotion, biostimulant, biofertilizer, microbial safety assessment
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113305
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113305
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/microorganisms9071437
Web of Science (WoS)000677341400001
ID Code:25159
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Molecular Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:02 Sep 2021 12:26
Metadata Last Modified:02 Sep 2021 12:31

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