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Milk quality and hygiene: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of smallholder dairy farmers in central Kenya

Nyokabi, Simon and Luning, Pieternel A. and Boer, Imke J. M. de and Korir, Luke and Muunda, Emmanuel and Bebe, Bockline O. and Lindahl, Johanna and Bett, Bernard and Oosting, Simon J. (2021). Milk quality and hygiene: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of smallholder dairy farmers in central Kenya. Food Control. 130 , 108303
[Research article]

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Abstract

Milk production is an important livelihood source for smallholder dairy farmers in low-to-middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Kenya. However, milk quality and safety are a challenge due to unhygienic handling and non-adherence to food safety standards. The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and adoption of milk quality and food safety practices by smallholder farmers in Kenya.Ten Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), involving 71 smallholder farmers, were held to collect qualitative data on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) of smallholder dairy farmers in Laikipia, Nakuru, and Nyandarua counties. Additionally, data were collected through a cross-sectional administered to 652 smallholder farming households. The results of the study revealed low knowledge level and negative attitudes towards respecting antibiotics treatment withdrawal periods, milk quality standards and food safety regulations. Farmers stated they had received low levels of training on milk quality and safety standards. The majority of farmers adopted animal health measures and hygienic measures such as hand washing and udder cleaning. However, unhygienic milking environments, the use of plastic containers, the use of untreated water, and lack of teat dipping compromised milk quality and safety. Currently, milk production, handling and consumption could expose actors along the dairy value chain to health risks. The adoption of milk quality and food safety practices was influenced by farmers' knowledge, socioeconomic characteristics, and choice of marketing channel.There is a need to improve farmers' knowledge and attitudes and implement hygienic control, disease control and antibiotic residue control practices in the milk production process to meet required milk quality and food safety standards. Awareness campaigns and training programmes for smallholder dairy farmers could foster behavioural change and lead to an improvement in milk quality in Kenya.

Authors/Creators:Nyokabi, Simon and Luning, Pieternel A. and Boer, Imke J. M. de and Korir, Luke and Muunda, Emmanuel and Bebe, Bockline O. and Lindahl, Johanna and Bett, Bernard and Oosting, Simon J.
Title:Milk quality and hygiene: Knowledge, attitudes and practices of smallholder dairy farmers in central Kenya
Series Name/Journal:Food Control
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:130
Article number:108303
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI LTD
ISSN:0956-7135
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Food Science
Keywords:Dairy, Fresh milk, Food safety, Food security, Value chains, Good agricultural practices (GAPs)
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113323
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113323
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.foodcont.2021.108303
Web of Science (WoS)000684878500004
ID Code:25175
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 Sep 2021 09:26
Metadata Last Modified:03 Sep 2021 09:31

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