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Kinematic gait characteristics of straight line walk in clinically sound dairy cows

Tijssen, M. and Braganca, F. M. Serra and Ask, Katrina and Rhodin, Marie and Haubro Andersen, Pia and Telezhenko, Evgenij and Bergsten, Christer and Nielen, M. and Hernlund, Elin (2021). Kinematic gait characteristics of straight line walk in clinically sound dairy cows. PLoS ONE. 16 , e0253479
[Research article]

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to describe the kinematic gait characteristics of straight line walk in clinically sound dairy cows using body mounted Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) at multiple anatomical locations. The temporal parameters used are speed and non-speed normalized stance duration, bipedal and tripedal support durations, maximal protraction and retraction angles of the distal limbs and vertical displacement curves of the upper body. Gait analysis was performed by letting 17 dairy cows walk in a straight line at their own chosen pace while equipped with IMU sensors on tubera sacrale, left and right tuber coxae (LTC and RTC), back, withers, head, neck and all four lower limbs. Data intervals with stride by stride regularity were selected based on video data. For temporal parameters, the median was calculated and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated based on linear mixed model (LMM) analysis, while for limb and vertical displacement curves, the median and most typical curves were calculated. The temporal parameters and distal limb angles showed consistent results with low variance and LMM analysis showed non-overlapping CI for all temporal parameters. The distal limb angle curves showed a larger and steeper retraction angle range for the distal front limbs compared with the hind limbs. The vertical displacement curves of the sacrum, withers, LTC and RTC showed a consistent sinusoidal pattern while the head, back and collar curves were less consistent and showed more variation between and within cows. This kinematic description might allow to objectively differentiate between normal and lame gait in the future and determine the best anatomical location for sensor attachment for lameness detection purposes.

Authors/Creators:Tijssen, M. and Braganca, F. M. Serra and Ask, Katrina and Rhodin, Marie and Haubro Andersen, Pia and Telezhenko, Evgenij and Bergsten, Christer and Nielen, M. and Hernlund, Elin
Title:Kinematic gait characteristics of straight line walk in clinically sound dairy cows
Series Name/Journal:PLoS ONE
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:16
Article number:e0253479
Number of Pages:20
Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
ISSN:1932-6203
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Medical Bioscience
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113432
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113432
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0253479
Web of Science (WoS)000678124300013
ID Code:25266
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry
(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 14:25
Metadata Last Modified:07 Sep 2021 14:31

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