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Can sulphur improve the nutrient uptake, partitioning, and seed yield of sesame?

Mehmood, Muhammad Zeeshan and Afzal, Obaid and Ahmed, Mukhtar and Qadir, Ghulam and Kheir, Ahmed M. S. and Aslam, Muhammad Aqeel and Din, Atta Mohi Ud and Khan, Imran and Hassan, Muhammad Jawad and Meraj, Tehseen Ahmad and Raza, Muhammad Ali and Ahmad, Shakeel (2021). Can sulphur improve the nutrient uptake, partitioning, and seed yield of sesame? Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 14 , 865
[Research article]

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Abstract

Sulphur (S) is considered to improve the nutrient uptake of plants due to its synergistic relationship with other nutrients. This could ultimately enhance the seed yield of oilseed crops. However, there is limited quantitative information on nutrient uptake, distribution, and its associated impacts on seed yield of sesame under the S application. Thus, a two-year field study (2018 and 2019) was conducted to assess the impacts of different S treatments (S-0 = Control, S-20 = 20, S-40 = 40, and S-60 = 60 kg ha(-1)) on total dry matter production, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, S uptake and distribution at the mid-bloom stage and physiological maturity. Furthermore, treatment impacts were studied on the number of capsules per plant, number of seeds per capsule, thousand seed weight, and seed yield at physiological maturity in sesame. Compared to S-0, over the years, treatment S-40 significantly increased the total uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and S (by 13, 22, 11% and 16%, respectively) at physiological maturity, while their distribution by 13, 36, 14, and 24% (in leaves), 12, 15, 11, and 15% (in stems), 15, 42, 18, and 10% (in capsules), and 14, 22, 9, and 15% (in seeds), respectively. Enhanced nutrient uptake and distribution in treatment S-40 improved the total biomass accumulation (by 28%) and distribution in leaves (by 34%), stems (by 27%), capsules (by 26%), and seeds (by 28%), at physiological maturity, as compared to S-0. Treatment S-40 increased the number of capsules per plant (by 13%), number of seeds per capsule (by 11%), and thousand seed weight (by 6%), compared to S-0. Furthermore, over the years, relative to control, sesame under S-40 had a higher seed yield by 28% and enhanced the net economic returns by 44%. Thus, our results suggest that optimum S level at the time of sowing improves the nutrient uptake and distribution during the plant lifecycle, which ultimately enhances total dry matter accumulation, seed yield, and net productivity of sesame.

Authors/Creators:Mehmood, Muhammad Zeeshan and Afzal, Obaid and Ahmed, Mukhtar and Qadir, Ghulam and Kheir, Ahmed M. S. and Aslam, Muhammad Aqeel and Din, Atta Mohi Ud and Khan, Imran and Hassan, Muhammad Jawad and Meraj, Tehseen Ahmad and Raza, Muhammad Ali and Ahmad, Shakeel
Title:Can sulphur improve the nutrient uptake, partitioning, and seed yield of sesame?
Series Name/Journal:Arabian Journal of Geosciences
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:14
Article number:865
Number of Pages:15
Publisher:SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
ISSN:1866-7511
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:Sesame, Sulphur, Nutrient uptake, Seed yield, Economics
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113435
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113435
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s12517-021-07229-6
Web of Science (WoS)000683152600001
ID Code:25267
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden
(VH) > Dept. of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:07 Sep 2021 14:25
Metadata Last Modified:07 Sep 2021 14:31

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