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Poor awareness and attitudes to sanitation servicing can impede China's Rural Toilet Revolution: Evidence from Western China

Guo, Shaomin and Zhou, Xiaoqin and Simha, Prithvi and Perez Mercado, Luis Fernando and Lv, Yaping and Li, Zifu (2021). Poor awareness and attitudes to sanitation servicing can impede China's Rural Toilet Revolution: Evidence from Western China. Science of the Total Environment. 794 , 148660
[Research article]

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Abstract

The ongoing Toilet Revolution in China offers an opportunity to improve sanitation in rural areas by introducing new approaches, such as urine source separation, that can contribute to achieving SDG6. However, few studies have systematically assessed the social acceptability of managing human excreta collected in new sanitation systems. Therefore, in this study we performed face-to-face interviews with 414 local residents from 13 villages across three provinces in western China, to analyze the current situation and attitudes to possible changes in the rural sanitation service chain. We found that the sanitation chain was predominantly pit latrine-based, with 86.2% of households surveyed collecting their excreta in a simple pit, 82% manually emptying their pits, and 80.2% reusing excreta in agriculture without adequate pre-treatment. A majority (72%) of the households had a generally positive attitude to production of human excreta-derived fertilizer, but only 24% agreed that urine and feces should be collected separately. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that three factors (level of education, number of permanent household residents, perceived social acceptability) significantly influ-enced respondents' attitudes to reuse of excreta, although only perceived social acceptability had a high strength of association. Overall, our survey revealed that rural households often misuse toilet systems, fail to comply with government-specified sanitation guidelines, have low awareness of alternative solutions, and are over-reliant on the government to fix problems in the service chain. Thus while new sanitation technologies should be developed and implemented, information campaigns that encourage rural households to manage their excreta safely are also important. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Authors/Creators:Guo, Shaomin and Zhou, Xiaoqin and Simha, Prithvi and Perez Mercado, Luis Fernando and Lv, Yaping and Li, Zifu
Title:Poor awareness and attitudes to sanitation servicing can impede China's Rural Toilet Revolution: Evidence from Western China
Series Name/Journal:Science of the Total Environment
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:794
Article number:148660
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:ELSEVIER
ISSN:0048-9697
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Environmental Sciences (social aspects to be 507)
Keywords:Rural sanitation, Nutrient recycling, Pit latrines, Social norms, Source separation, Wastewater treatment
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113476
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113476
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148660
Web of Science (WoS)000691674800004
ID Code:25284
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Sep 2021 10:26
Metadata Last Modified:09 Sep 2021 10:31

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