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Influenza Virus Infections in Cats

Frymus, Tadeusz and Belak, Sandor and Egberink, Herman and Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina and Marsilio, Fulvio and Addie, Diane D. and Boucraut-Baralon, Corine and Hartmann, Katrin and Lloret, Albert and Lutz, Hans and Pennisi, Maria Grazia and Thiry, Etienne and Truyen, Uwe and Tasker, Severine and Moestl, Karin and Hosie, Margaret J. (2021). Influenza Virus Infections in Cats. Viruses. 13 , 1435
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

In the past, cats were considered resistant to influenza. Today, we know that they are susceptible to some influenza A viruses (IAVs) originating in other species. Usually, the outcome is only subclinical infection or a mild fever. However, outbreaks of feline disease caused by canine H3N2 IAV with fever, tachypnoea, sneezing, coughing, dyspnoea and lethargy are occasionally noted in shelters. In one such outbreak, the morbidity rate was 100% and the mortality rate was 40%. Recently, avian H7N2 IAV infection occurred in cats in some shelters in the USA, inducing mostly mild respiratory disease. Furthermore, cats are susceptible to experimental infection with the human H3N2 IAV that caused the pandemic in 1968. Several studies indicated that cats worldwide could be infected by H1N1 IAV during the subsequent human pandemic in 2009. In one shelter, severe cases with fatalities were noted. Finally, the highly pathogenic avian H5N1 IAV can induce a severe, fatal disease in cats, and can spread via cat-to-cat contact. In this review, the Advisory Board on Cat Diseases (ABCD), a scientifically independent board of experts in feline medicine from 11 European countries, summarises current data regarding the aetiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, diagnostics, and control of feline IAV infections, as well as the zoonotic risks.

Authors/Creators:Frymus, Tadeusz and Belak, Sandor and Egberink, Herman and Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina and Marsilio, Fulvio and Addie, Diane D. and Boucraut-Baralon, Corine and Hartmann, Katrin and Lloret, Albert and Lutz, Hans and Pennisi, Maria Grazia and Thiry, Etienne and Truyen, Uwe and Tasker, Severine and Moestl, Karin and Hosie, Margaret J.
Title:Influenza Virus Infections in Cats
Series Name/Journal:Viruses
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:13
Article number:1435
Number of Pages:9
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1999-4915
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:cats, influenza A virus, low pathogenic, highly pathogenic
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113473
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113473
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/v13081435
Web of Science (WoS)000690167700001
ID Code:25285
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Sep 2021 10:27
Metadata Last Modified:09 Sep 2021 10:31

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