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The inverse relation between risks and benefits: The impact of individual differences in information processing style

Sleboda, Patrycja and Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan (2021). The inverse relation between risks and benefits: The impact of individual differences in information processing style. PLoS ONE. 16 , e0255569
[Research article]

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Abstract

Existing research shows that evaluations of the risks and benefits of various hazards (i.e., technologies and activities) are inversely related. The affect heuristic explains the negative relation between risks and benefits, as based on the strength of positive or negative affect associated with a hazard. Research on the affect heuristic previously investigated under which conditions people judge risk and benefits independently, focusing on expertise as a factor that might exempt from inversely related judgements of risk and benefits. Measurements within Dual Process Theories have been found to be associated with rational, analytical decision making and accurate judgments. In this paper we investigated the extent to which rational information processing styles can predict the risk-benefit relation of technologies in a medical and food applications and whether the attitudes influence the strength or direction of the relationship. Using the Need for Cognition Scale (NFC), a psychometric-based risk scale and an explicit measure of attitude, in a representative sample of 3228 Swedes, we found that the high NFC group judged the risks and benefits of technologies to be inversely related. In contrast, the low NFC group judged the risks and benefits to be positively related. These results were confirmed across all studied technologies by applying moderation analysis. We discuss the results in light of recent research on cognitive processing and polarization over technologies' risks.

Authors/Creators:Sleboda, Patrycja and Lagerkvist, Carl-Johan
Title:The inverse relation between risks and benefits: The impact of individual differences in information processing style
Series Name/Journal:PLoS ONE
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:16
Article number:e0255569
Number of Pages:21
Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
ISSN:1932-6203
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 504 Sociology > Social Psychology
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113489
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113489
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0255569
Web of Science (WoS)000685266800022
ID Code:25292
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Sep 2021 14:25
Metadata Last Modified:09 Sep 2021 14:31

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