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Homogeneity density scores of quarter milk in automatic milking systems

Hallén Sandgren, C. and Anglart, D. and Klaas, I.C. and Rönnegård, Lars and Emanuelson, Ulf (2021). Homogeneity density scores of quarter milk in automatic milking systems. Journal of Dairy Science. 104 , 10121-10130
[Research article]

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Abstract

Milk quality and clinical mastitis in dairy cows are monitored by detecting visually abnormal milk. A standardized method to evaluate clots in milk and studies of the incidence and dynamics of clots in milk at the quarter level are lacking. We validated a method to score clot density in quarter milk samples and describe the prevalence and dynamics of the density scores between consecutive samplings and periods in 4 farms with automatic milking systems. Using in-line filters, we collected quarter milk samples at each milking during 3 periods of 30 h each in each farm. Clot density was scored based on coverage of the filter area as 0 (negative), 1 (trace), 2 (mild), 3 (moderate), 4 (heavy), and 5 (very heavy). The score for a specific quarter and milking is referred to as the quarter milking score (QMS). Three assessors independently scored 902 images of filter samples with a Fleiss kappa value of 0.72. In total, 21,202 quarter milk samples from 5,398 milkings of 621 cows were collected. Of the quarter filter samples, 2.4% had visible clots, distributed as mild (1.4%), moderate (0.6%), heavy (0.3%), and very heavy (<0.1%, n = 8). Cases with a cow period sum of QMS >= 4, corresponding to 9.4% of all periods, harbored 86% and 94% of all QMS of 2 to 5 and 3 to 5, respectively. Of these cases, cows sampled in all 3 periods and clots in only 1 period had a quarter period sum score >= 1 in 1.8 different quarters in average. Corresponding numbers for the cows with clots or traces in 2 or 3 periods were 2.2 and 2.5 different quarters, respectively. A QMS of 2 to 5 in the preceding milking increased the chance of a QMS >1 in the following milking, with an average chance of 38%. The probability of a QMS > 1 increased with increasing previous QMS, a higher sum of QMS during the milking period, longer milking interval, and higher lactation number, but decreased with increasing days in milk. Our study showed that the method of clot-density scoring is feasible to perform and reproducible for investigating the occurrence and dynamics of clots in milk. Elevated clot-density scores clustered within certain cows and cow periods and appeared in new quarters of the cows over time. The low recurrence of QMS of 1 and 2 within quarters indicated that QMS 3 could be a reasonable threshold for detecting quarters with abnormal milk that require further attention.

Authors/Creators:Hallén Sandgren, C. and Anglart, D. and Klaas, I.C. and Rönnegård, Lars and Emanuelson, Ulf
Title:Homogeneity density scores of quarter milk in automatic milking systems
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Dairy Science
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:104
Page range:10121-10130
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
ISSN:0022-0302
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
Keywords:mastitis, dairy cow, clot, quarter milk, score
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113485
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113485
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3168/jds.2021-20439
Web of Science (WoS)000687965500038
ID Code:25296
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Breeding and Genetics
(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:10 Sep 2021 08:25
Metadata Last Modified:10 Sep 2021 08:31

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