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Spatial analysis of water quality and income in Europe

Brockwell, Erik and Elofsson, Katarina and Marbuah, George and Nordmark, Sandra (2021). Spatial analysis of water quality and income in Europe. Water Resources and Economics. 35 , 100182
[Research article]

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The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) relationship between water quality and income within the European Union, considering spatial interdependences across countries. To this end, we apply a spatial econometrics framework using panel data, at the national level, for twenty EU countries across seventeen years, 1998 to 2014. Furthermore, we account for the role of human and livestock population size, institutional quality and economic openness for water quality. Results show that a significant EKC relationship is seen with an inverted N-shaped relationship between income and water quality. Water quality is decreasing in income for low income levels, increasing in income when GDP per capita for medium income levels, and deteriorating for high income levels. Eight out of twenty countries have income levels associated with a declining water quality. Spatial spillovers between countries are significant. Higher livestock density levels are associated with lower levels of water quality, while institutional quality and openness to trade are positively associated with water quality

Authors/Creators:Brockwell, Erik and Elofsson, Katarina and Marbuah, George and Nordmark, Sandra
Title:Spatial analysis of water quality and income in Europe
Series Name/Journal:Water Resources and Economics
Year of publishing :2021
Article number:100182
Number of Pages:15
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Economic Geography
Keywords:Environmental kuznets curve, Institutional quality, Spatial error model, Spatial spillovers, Water framework directive
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Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000685230300001
ID Code:25322
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 Sep 2021 15:25
Metadata Last Modified:13 Sep 2021 15:31

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