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When is it biological control? A framework of definitions, mechanisms, and classifications

Stenberg, Johan A. and Sundh, Ingvar and Becher, Paul and Björkman, Christer and Dubey, Mukesh and Egan, Paul and Friberg, Hanna and Gil, José Fernando and Jensen, Dan Funck and Jonsson, Mattias and Karlsson, Magnus and Khalil, Sammar and Ninkovic, Velemir and Rehermann, Guillermo and Vetukuri, Ramesh and Viketoft, Maria (2021). When is it biological control? A framework of definitions, mechanisms, and classifications. Journal of Pest Science. 94 , 665-676
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Abstract

Biological control, or biocontrol, is the exploitation of living agents (incl. viruses) to combat pestilential organisms (incl. pathogens, pests, and weeds) for diverse purposes to provide human benefits. Thus, during the last century the practices and concepts involved have evolved in separate streams associated with distinct scientific and taxonomic disciplines. In parallel developments, there have been increasing references to biological control in industrial contexts and legislation, resulting in conceptual and terminological disintegration. The aim of this paper is to provide a global conceptual and terminological platform that facilitates future development of the field. We review use of previously suggested terms in key fields (e.g., phytopathology, entomology, and weed science), eliminate redundant terminology, identify three principles that should underpin the concept, and then present a new framework for biological control, rooted in seminal publications. The three principles establish that (1) only living agents can mediate biological control, (2) biological control always targets a pest, directly or indirectly, and (3) all biocontrol methods can be classified in four main categories depending on whether resident agents are utilized, with or without targeted human intervention (conservation biological control and natural biological control, respectively) or agents are added for permanent or temporary establishment (classical biological control and augmentative biological control, respectively). Correct identification of what is, and is not, biological control can help efforts to understand and optimize biological pest control for human and environmental benefits. The new conceptual framework may contribute to more uniform and appropriate regulatory approaches to biological control, and more efficient authorization and application of biocontrol products.

Authors/Creators:Stenberg, Johan A. and Sundh, Ingvar and Becher, Paul and Björkman, Christer and Dubey, Mukesh and Egan, Paul and Friberg, Hanna and Gil, José Fernando and Jensen, Dan Funck and Jonsson, Mattias and Karlsson, Magnus and Khalil, Sammar and Ninkovic, Velemir and Rehermann, Guillermo and Vetukuri, Ramesh and Viketoft, Maria
Title:When is it biological control? A framework of definitions, mechanisms, and classifications
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Pest Science
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:94
Page range:665-676
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Z - SLU - Library > Odla mera
ISSN:1612-4758
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:Biocontrol, Biological control, Bioprotection, Ecosystem service, Integrated pest management, Soil suppressiveness
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111210
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-111210
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s10340-021-01354-7
Web of Science (WoS)000628069500001
ID Code:25348
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Protection Biology
(NL, NJ) > Department of Molecular Sciences
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology

(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology

(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Plant Biology and Forest Genetics (until 131231)
(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:15 Sep 2021 12:25
Metadata Last Modified:16 Sep 2021 04:01

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