Home About Browse Search
Svenska


Costs and Distributional Effects of Climate Transformation of the Vehicle Fleet in the EU

Gren, Ing-Marie and Aklilu, Abenezer Zeleke (2021). Costs and Distributional Effects of Climate Transformation of the Vehicle Fleet in the EU. Climate. 9 , 88
[Research article]

[img] PDF
12MB

Abstract

This study estimates the minimum total cost and distributional effects among countries transforming the car fleet in the EU to reduce emissions of carbon dioxides by 2050 by switching from fossil fuel-driven passenger cars to hybrid and electric-driven cars. Minimum cost is estimated using a dynamic optimization model in which costs are calculated as decreases in consumer surplus in the demand for vehicles under given annual increases in travel demand, carbon efficiency and technological improvement of electric cars. Distributional effects are calculated for the cost-effective allocation of costs among the EU member states and UK. Calculations are made for different emission reductions, and the cost for achieving a 60% reduction from the 1990 emission level ranges between 0.13% and 0.61% of the EU's GDP depending on assumptions about development of travel demand and carbon efficiency. The results indicate a slightly regressive allocation in most scenarios, where the cost share is relatively high for low income countries.

Authors/Creators:Gren, Ing-Marie and Aklilu, Abenezer Zeleke
Title:Costs and Distributional Effects of Climate Transformation of the Vehicle Fleet in the EU
Series Name/Journal:Climate
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:9
Article number:88
Number of Pages:22
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2225-1154
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 207 Environmental Engineering > Energy Systems
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:cost-effectiveness, distributional effects, GHG emission reductions, passenger cars, EU
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112972
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112972
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/cli9060088
Web of Science (WoS)000665356900001
ID Code:25449
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:20 Sep 2021 07:28
Metadata Last Modified:20 Sep 2021 07:31

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Downloads

Downloads per year (since September 2012)

View more statistics

Downloads
Hits