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The Role of Glycoside Hydrolases in Phytopathogenic Fungi and Oomycetes Virulence

Rafiei, Vahideh and Vélëz, Heriberto and Tzelepis, Georgios (2021). The Role of Glycoside Hydrolases in Phytopathogenic Fungi and Oomycetes Virulence. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 22 , 9359
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Abstract

Phytopathogenic fungi need to secrete different hydrolytic enzymes to break down complex polysaccharides in the plant cell wall in order to enter the host and develop the disease. Fungi produce various types of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs) during infection. Most of the characterized CWDEs belong to glycoside hydrolases (GHs). These enzymes hydrolyze glycosidic bonds and have been identified in many fungal species sequenced to date. Many studies have shown that CWDEs belong to several GH families and play significant roles in the invasion and pathogenicity of fungi and oomycetes during infection on the plant host, but their mode of function in virulence is not yet fully understood. Moreover, some of the CWDEs that belong to different GH families act as pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), which trigger plant immune responses. In this review, we summarize the most important GHs that have been described in eukaryotic phytopathogens and are involved in the establishment of a successful infection.

Authors/Creators:Rafiei, Vahideh and Vélëz, Heriberto and Tzelepis, Georgios
Title:The Role of Glycoside Hydrolases in Phytopathogenic Fungi and Oomycetes Virulence
Series Name/Journal:International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:22
Article number:9359
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1661-6596
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Microbiology (Microbiology in the medical area to be 30109)
Keywords:carbohydrate-active enzymes, cell wall degrading enzymes, pathogenicity, phytopathogens, plant-microbe interactions
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113704
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113704
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/ijms22179359
Web of Science (WoS)000694284000001
ID Code:25507
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:27 Sep 2021 09:32
Metadata Last Modified:27 Sep 2021 09:41

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