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Animal health beyond the single disease approach – A role for veterinary herd health management in low-income countries?

Gertzell, Elin and Magnusson, Ulf and Ikwap, Kokas and Dione, Michel and Lindström, Lisa and Eliasson-Selling, Lena and Jacobson, Magdalena (2021). Animal health beyond the single disease approach – A role for veterinary herd health management in low-income countries? Research in Veterinary Science. 136 , 453-463
[Research article]

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Abstract

In order to identify and evaluate health related constraints faced by Ugandan pig farmers, a veterinary herd health management approach (VHHM) was applied in 20 randomly selected pig farms in the Lira district, Uganda. Regular herd visits were conducted between July 2018 and June 2019, using e.g. interviews, observations, clinical examinations and laboratory analyzes to gather qualitative and quantitative data on relevant aspects of the production. The pig farmers kept on average 18.6 pigs, including 2.6 sows/year. The production figures varied considerably but were generally poor. The sows produced 1.6 litters/year and 8.2 piglets born alive per litter, the average daily gain was 101 g/day, and the mortality in growers was 9.7%. Four major constraints were identified; poor nutrition, infectious diseases, inferior biosecurity, and poor reproductive management. The quantity and quality of feed was suboptimal. Endo- and ectoparasites were very common, causing diarrhea, bronchitis, pneumonia, skin lesions and pruritus. Post-weaning diarrhea associated with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli was important in the two largest herds, and parvoviral antibodies were found in seven herds, two experiencing problems with mummified fetuses. Biosecurity practices were insufficient and inconsistent, with free-ranging pigs and the use of village boars being the major risks. Reproductive figures were affected by poor estrus detection and service management. Overall, farmers lacked important knowledge on good management practices. In conclusion, the VHHM identified several important constraints that should be addressed in order to increase the productivity of Ugandan pig herds.

Authors/Creators:Gertzell, Elin and Magnusson, Ulf and Ikwap, Kokas and Dione, Michel and Lindström, Lisa and Eliasson-Selling, Lena and Jacobson, Magdalena
Title:Animal health beyond the single disease approach – A role for veterinary herd health management in low-income countries?
Series Name/Journal:Research in Veterinary Science
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:136
Page range:453-463
Number of Pages:11
ISSN:0034-5288
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:ETEC, Parasitic diseases, Parvovirus, Reproductive performance, Swine, Veterinary medicine
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112865
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112865
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.rvsc.2021.03.021
Web of Science (WoS)000694001000014
ID Code:25530
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
(VH) > Department of Biomedical Science and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:29 Sep 2021 07:25
Metadata Last Modified:29 Sep 2021 07:31

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