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Rural institutions, social networks, and self-organized adaptation to climate change

Fischer, Harry and Chhatre, Ashwini and Devalkar, Sripad and Sohoni, Milind (2021). Rural institutions, social networks, and self-organized adaptation to climate change. Environmental Research Letters. 16 , 104002
[Research article]

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Abstract

Support for rural livelihoods to adapt to climate change is a top policy priority around the world. We advance the concept of "self-organized adaptation" to analyze how long-term pathways of transformation come about as the organic outcome of farmers' incremental and continuous responses to climate and other challenges. Through an analysis of four decades' responses to changing climate conditions in an agricultural system of the Indian Himalayas, we show how several key policy interventions – institutional support for the dissemination of agricultural knowledge, investments in infrastructure, and strengthening of market linkages – have produced favorable conditions for successful, long-term self-organized adaptation to climate change. This has led to the transformation of an agricultural system specialized in apple production to one with a great diversity of fruit, vegetable, and food grain crops. We find that farmers growing these crops cluster into five distinct agricultural portfolios that reflect the constraints and opportunities that different farmers face, and which are patterned by interaction with rural institutions and household social networks. We highlight the role of distributed decision-making in shaping broader trajectories of systemic transformation, and we argue for the need to move beyond pre-defined climate interventions toward the identification of policy mechanisms that can support more effective self-organization over the long-term.

Authors/Creators:Fischer, Harry and Chhatre, Ashwini and Devalkar, Sripad and Sohoni, Milind
Title:Rural institutions, social networks, and self-organized adaptation to climate change
Series Name/Journal:Environmental Research Letters
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:16
Article number:104002
Number of Pages:9
ISSN:1748-9326
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
Keywords:Climate adaptation, rural livelihoods, social networks, rural institutions, development
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113526
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113526
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1088/1748-9326/ac22bf
Web of Science (WoS)000696086800001
ID Code:25534
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:30 Sep 2021 08:25
Metadata Last Modified:30 Sep 2021 08:31

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