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Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals

Samelius, Gustaf and Suryawanshi, Kulbhushansingh and Frank, Jens and Agvaantseren, Bayarjargal and Baasandamba, Erdenechimeg and Mijiddorj, Tserennadmid Nadia and Johansson, Örjan and Tumursukh, Lkhagvasumberel and Mishra, Charudutt (2021). Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals. Oryx. 55 , PII S0030605319000565 , 466-472
[Research article]

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Abstract

Livestock depredation by large carnivores is a global conservation challenge, and mitigation measures to reduce livestock losses are crucial for the coexistence of large carnivores and people. Various measures are employed to reduce livestock depredation but their effectiveness has rarely been tested. In this study, we tested the effectiveness of tall fences to reduce livestock losses to snow leopards Panthera uncia and wolves Canis lupus at night-time corrals at the winter camps of livestock herders in the Tost Mountains in southern Mongolia. Self-reported livestock losses at the fenced corrals were reduced from a mean loss of 3.9 goats and sheep per family and winter prior to the study to zero losses in the two winters of the study. In contrast, self-reported livestock losses in winter pastures, and during the rest of the year, when herders used different camps, remained high, which indicates that livestock losses were reduced because of the fences, not because of temporal variation in predation pressure. Herder attitudes towards snow leopards were positive and remained positive during the study, whereas attitudes towards wolves, which attacked livestock also in summer when herders moved out on the steppes, were negative and worsened during the study. This study showed that tall fences can be very effective at reducing night-time losses at corrals and we conclude that fences can be an important tool for snow leopard conservation and for facilitating the coexistence of snow leopards and people.

Authors/Creators:Samelius, Gustaf and Suryawanshi, Kulbhushansingh and Frank, Jens and Agvaantseren, Bayarjargal and Baasandamba, Erdenechimeg and Mijiddorj, Tserennadmid Nadia and Johansson, Örjan and Tumursukh, Lkhagvasumberel and Mishra, Charudutt
Title:Keeping predators out: testing fences to reduce livestock depredation at night-time corrals
Series Name/Journal:Oryx
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:55
Article number:PII S0030605319000565
Number of Pages:7
Publisher:CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
ISSN:0030-6053
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Canis lupus, carnivore conservation, coexistence, conflict mitigation, conservation conflict, livestock depredation, Panthera uncia, preventative measure
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112133
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112133
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1017/S0030605319000565
Web of Science (WoS)000647061400026
ID Code:25540
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Oct 2021 08:25
Metadata Last Modified:01 Oct 2021 08:31

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