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Understanding Antibiotic Usage on Small-Scale Dairy Farms in the Indian States of Assam and Haryana Using a Mixed-Methods Approach-Outcomes and Challenges

Kumar, Naresh and Sharma, Garima and Leahy, Eithne and Shome, Bibek R. and Bandyopadhyay, Samiran and Pratim Deka, Ram and Shome, Rajeswari and Dey, Tushar Kumar and Lindahl, Johanna (2021). Understanding Antibiotic Usage on Small-Scale Dairy Farms in the Indian States of Assam and Haryana Using a Mixed-Methods Approach-Outcomes and Challenges. Antibiotics. 10 , 1124
[Research article]

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Abstract

The use and misuse of antibiotics in both humans and animals contributes to the global emergence of antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria, a threat to public health and infection control. Currently, India is the world's leading milk producer but antibiotic usage within the dairy sector is poorly regulated. Little data exists reflecting how antibiotics are used on dairy farms, especially on small-scale dairy farms in India. To address this lack of data, a study was carried out on 491 small-scale dairy farms in two Indian states, Assam and Haryana, using a mixed method approach where farmers were interviewed, farms inspected for the presence of antibiotics and milk samples taken to determine antibiotic usage. Usage of antibiotics on farms appeared low only 10% (95% CI 8-13%) of farmers surveyed confirmed using antibiotics in their dairy herds during the last 12 months. Of the farms surveyed, only 8% (6-11%) had milk samples positive for antibiotic residues, namely from the novobiocin, macrolides, and sulphonamide classes of antibiotics. Of the farmers surveyed, only 2% (0.8-3%) had heard of the term "withdrawal period" and 53% (40-65%) failed to describe the term "antibiotic". While this study clearly highlights a lack of understanding of antibiotics among small-scale dairy farmers, a potential factor in the emergence of AMR bacteria, it also shows that antibiotic usage on these farms is low and that the possible role these farmers play in AMR emergence may be overestimated.

Authors/Creators:Kumar, Naresh and Sharma, Garima and Leahy, Eithne and Shome, Bibek R. and Bandyopadhyay, Samiran and Pratim Deka, Ram and Shome, Rajeswari and Dey, Tushar Kumar and Lindahl, Johanna
Title:Understanding Antibiotic Usage on Small-Scale Dairy Farms in the Indian States of Assam and Haryana Using a Mixed-Methods Approach-Outcomes and Challenges
Series Name/Journal:Antibiotics
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:10
Article number:1124
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2079-6382
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:antibiotic usage, smallholder dairy, India, KAP, residues in milk, farm inspection, farmer misconceptions
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113886
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113886
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/antibiotics10091124
Web of Science (WoS)000699204600001
ID Code:25620
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:08 Oct 2021 12:25
Metadata Last Modified:08 Oct 2021 12:31

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