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Feeding and Management of Horses with and without Free Faecal Liquid: A Case-Control Study

Lindroth, Katrin and Lindberg, Jan Erik and Johansen, Astrid and Müller, Cecilia (2021). Feeding and Management of Horses with and without Free Faecal Liquid: A Case-Control Study. Animals. 11 , 2552
[Research article]

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Abstract

Simple Summary Horses with free faecal liquid defecate in one solid and one liquid phase, and the liquid phase can be a concern for the horse owner and veterinarians. The causes of free faecal liquid are unknown, but previous studies have indicated that feed ration composition may play an important role in the occurrence of the condition. A study comparing feed rations, feeding practices and management factors for horses with and without free faecal liquid was performed. Horses without free faecal liquid were reported to have a lower daily intake of starch and sugar and a higher daily intake of protein and fibre compared to horses with free faecal liquid. Horses with and without free faecal liquid were fed similar amounts of wrapped forages and were subject to the same management practices. The reported differences may be of importance for the condition, but further studies are required to establish if its occurrence is due to specific feeding regimens. Free faecal liquid (FFL) in horses is characterised by the excretion of faeces in two phases (one solid and one liquid), which may cause dermatitis on the hindlegs. The causes of FFL are not known. Results from previous studies have indicated that feed ration composition and management factors may play important roles in the occurrence of FFL. A case-control study was therefore performed in which data on feed rations, feeding practices and management factors were compared between horses with (case) and without (control) FFL on 50 private farms in Sweden and Norway. The comparisons show that case and control horses were reported to be fed similar average amounts of wrapped forage (p = 0.97) and to be subject to similar management practices, but case horses were fed higher proportions of concentrates in their diet (p < 0.001) and lower average amounts of straw and lucerne (p < 0.05) compared to control horses. Case horses were reported to be fed twice as much concentrate per 100 kg BW and day as control horses and a higher daily intake of starch and water-soluble carbohydrates (p < 0.05). Case horses also had a lower daily intake of digestible crude protein and neutral detergent fibre compared to control horses (p < 0.05). These differences were small but are of interest for further studies of factors causing FFL.

Authors/Creators:Lindroth, Katrin and Lindberg, Jan Erik and Johansen, Astrid and Müller, Cecilia
Title:Feeding and Management of Horses with and without Free Faecal Liquid: A Case-Control Study
Series Name/Journal:Animals
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:11
Article number:2552
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:2076-2615
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
Keywords:equine, free faecal water, nutrition, watery faeces, wrapped forage
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113889
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113889
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3390/ani11092552
Web of Science (WoS)000699680100001
ID Code:25630
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:11 Oct 2021 10:25
Metadata Last Modified:11 Oct 2021 10:31

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