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Risk factors for Brucella spp. and Coxiella burnetii infection among small ruminants in Eastern India

Leahy, Eithne and Shome, Rajeswari and Pratim Deka, Ram and Sahay, Swati and Grace, Delia and Mazeri, Stella and Lindahl, Johanna (2020). Risk factors for Brucella spp. and Coxiella burnetii infection among small ruminants in Eastern India. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology. 10 , 1783091
[Research article]

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Abstract

Small ruminants are the main reservoirs for brucellosis and coxiellosis, two zoonotic diseases affecting livestock production, and posing a public health threat in India. Understanding disease prevalence and risk factors associated with small ruminant infection can help mitigate disease transmission.
We report a cross-sectional survey in the states of Assam and Odisha in Eastern India. We interviewed 244 farmers to assess knowledge, attitude and practices relevant to brucellosis and coxiellosis infection. Serum samples from 411 goats and 21 sheep were analysed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Rose-Bengal Brucella agglutination plate test. Higher Brucella and Coxiella burnetii seroprevalence were found in Odisha (22% and 11.5%, respectively) than Assam (9.8% and 1.6%, respectively), and certain districts in Odisha were at higher risk. No association was found between seropositive animals and clinical signs, a challenge when attempting to identify seropositive animals in the herd. None of the farmers interviewed were aware of brucellosis, its aetiology, clinical form, or zoonotic risk. This study acts as a first indication of the extent of these diseases among small ruminants in these Indian states, highlighting how farming practices are associated with increased risk of infection. More research is urgently needed to mitigate zoonoses transmission in this region.

Authors/Creators:Leahy, Eithne and Shome, Rajeswari and Pratim Deka, Ram and Sahay, Swati and Grace, Delia and Mazeri, Stella and Lindahl, Johanna
Title:Risk factors for Brucella spp. and Coxiella burnetii infection among small ruminants in Eastern India
Series Name/Journal:Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:10
Article number:1783091
Number of Pages:9
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:brucellosis, coxiellosis, Q-fever, seroprevalence, zoonoses, risk factors
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113908
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113908
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1080/20008686.2020.1783091
ID Code:25631
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:11 Oct 2021 10:55
Metadata Last Modified:11 Oct 2021 11:06

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