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Knowledge and practices of dairy farmers relating to brucellosis in urban, peri-urban and rural areas of Assam and Bihar, India

Pratim Deka, Ram and Magnusson, Ulf and Grace, Delia and Shome, Rajeswari and Lindahl, Johanna (2020). Knowledge and practices of dairy farmers relating to brucellosis in urban, peri-urban and rural areas of Assam and Bihar, India. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology. 10 , 1769531
[Research article]

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Abstract

Background: Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases in the world. This study aimed at assessing farmers’ knowledge about brucellosis as well as practices relevant to transmission of brucellosis and their associated determinants. Results: Few farmers knew about brucellosis (3.4%, n = 18) and its zoonotic importance (0.8%, n = 4). Knowledge about brucellosis was higher for farmers with a larger herd size (p < 0.001) and fully using a stall-fed system (p < 0.001). Training on dairy cattle management (p < 0.001), training on animal disease (p < 0.01), consultation with veterinarians (p < 0.001) and farms being in urban areas (p < 0.01) were also significantly positively associated with knowledge about brucellosis. No significant association was observed between farmers’ knowledge about brucellosis and state, family size, education, age or gender of the farmers. Farmers knowledge about brucellosis was significantly associated with certain practices that include use of disinfectant while cleaning farms (p < 0.05), animal movement (p < 0.01), introduction of new animals (p < 0.05) and raw milk consumption (p < 0.05). The study did not find any association between knowledge about brucellosis and method of disposal of aborted materials, personal hygiene and quarantine practices. Conclusion: More interaction with veterinarians and training on animal management may be an important tool for generating awareness among the farming community for reducing transmission of the disease.

Authors/Creators:Pratim Deka, Ram and Magnusson, Ulf and Grace, Delia and Shome, Rajeswari and Lindahl, Johanna
Title:Knowledge and practices of dairy farmers relating to brucellosis in urban, peri-urban and rural areas of Assam and Bihar, India
Series Name/Journal:Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
Year of publishing :2020
Volume:10
Article number:1769531
Number of Pages:8
ISSN:2000-8686
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:Brucellosis, zoonotic disease, dairy production, India, farmers’ awareness
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113818
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113818
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1080/20008686.2020.1769531
ID Code:25649
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:12 Oct 2021 15:23
Metadata Last Modified:12 Oct 2021 15:31

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