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Bovine brucellosis: prevalence, risk factors, economic cost and control options with particular reference to India- a review

Pratim Deka, Ram and Magnusson, Ulf and Grace, Delia and Lindahl, Johanna (2018). Bovine brucellosis: prevalence, risk factors, economic cost and control options with particular reference to India- a review. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology. 8 , 1556548
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Background: Brucellosis is an economically important zoonotic disease with worldwide distribution, with low-income countries being more affected. The disease is endemic in India, a country that house the world’s largest cattle and buffalo population and produce the most milk in the world. Results: Prevalence of the disease in the country is reported as low as 1% to as high as 60% by different researchers but many of the published studies that reported higher prevalence were conducted in non-randomised samples. Based on this review, overall prevalence in the country is likely 12% or less. About 20 different risk factors are reported that contribute/ predispose to occurrence of bovine brucellosis. The risk factors could be classified in four groups: host factors, farmer’s factors, managemental factors, and agro-ecological factors. Various studies reported high economic burden of the diseases in dairy animals but there is dearth of comprehensive and rigorous economic studies. Conclusions: In the absence of highly effective vaccines and because of difficulties in executing a segregation and slaughter policy of infected animals in countries like India, control of bovine brucellosis remains a challenge.

Authors/Creators:Pratim Deka, Ram and Magnusson, Ulf and Grace, Delia and Lindahl, Johanna
Title:Bovine brucellosis: prevalence, risk factors, economic cost and control options with particular reference to India- a review
Series Name/Journal:Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
Year of publishing :2018
Volume:8
Article number:1556548
Number of Pages:7
ISSN:2000-8686
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:Brucella, neglected tropical disease, zoonosis, economic loss, disease control
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113821
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113821
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1080/20008686.2018.1556548
ID Code:25650
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:12 Oct 2021 15:23
Metadata Last Modified:12 Oct 2021 15:31

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