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The shifting society syndrome: Values, baselines, and Swedish forest conservation in the 1930s and 2010s

Jönsson, Jimmy and Marald, Erland and Lundmark, Tomas (2021). The shifting society syndrome: Values, baselines, and Swedish forest conservation in the 1930s and 2010s. Conservation science and practice. 3 , e506
[Research article]

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Abstract

This study addresses a response to shifting baseline syndrome (SBS), a syndrome implying that land managers' acceptance of environmental change declines gradually due to lack of historical knowledge. Some actions to counteract SBS are haunted by methodological problems associated with measuring natural states and ignoring societal effects on ideas of naturalness. To balance methodological discussions of SBS, this study analyzes the social contexts of baseline demarcations historically. It compares baselines in two Swedish forest conservation debates-about the Fiby forest in the 1930s and the Ojnare forest in the 2010s-focusing on scalable and unscalable values. To operationalize shifting societal criteria for baseline demarcations, we introduce the "shifting society syndrome" concept. The study identifies several societal shifts and shows that Fiby's baseline was shaped by the scalable value of age and the nonscalable values of uniqueness and Swedishness, and Ojnare's by the scalable value of biodiversity and the nonscalable values of uniqueness and wildness. We argue that values, scalability, and historical change are crucial variables in the practice of demarcating baselines and that intellectual history is a useful tool for methodological self-reflection in SBS research.

Authors/Creators:Jönsson, Jimmy and Marald, Erland and Lundmark, Tomas
Title:The shifting society syndrome: Values, baselines, and Swedish forest conservation in the 1930s and 2010s
Series Name/Journal:Conservation science and practice
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:3
Article number:e506
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:WILEY
ISSN:2578-4854
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:Fiby, forest conservation, forest history, naturalness, Ojnare, scalability, shifting baseline syndrome, values
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113290
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-113290
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/csp2.506
Web of Science (WoS)000679463700001
ID Code:25856
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 Oct 2021 06:26
Metadata Last Modified:18 Oct 2021 06:31

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