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Animal welfare testing for shooting and darting free-ranging wildlife: a review and recommendations

Hampton, Jordan O. and Arnemo, Jon and Barnsley, Richard and Cattet, Marc and Daoust, Pierre-Yves and DeNicola, Anthony J. and Eccles, Grant and Fletcher, Don and Hinds, Lyn A. and Hunt, Rob and Portas, Timothy and Stokke, Sigbjørn and Warburton, Bruce and Wimpenny, Claire (2021). Animal welfare testing for shooting and darting free-ranging wildlife: a review and recommendations. Wildlife Research. 8 , 577-589
[Research article]

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Abstract

Several important techniques for managing wildlife rely on ballistics (the behaviour of projectiles), including killing techniques (shooting) as well as capture and marking methods (darting). Because all ballistic techniques have the capacity to harm animals, animal welfare is an important consideration. Standardised testing approaches that have allowed refinement for other physical killing and capture methods (e.g. traps for mammals) have not been applied broadly to ballistic methods. At the same time, new technology is becoming available for shooting (e.g. subsonic and lead-free ammunition) and darting (e.g. dye-marker darts). We present several case studies demonstrating (a) how basic ballistic testing can be performed for novel firearms and/or projectiles, (b) the benefits of identifying methods producing undesirable results before operational use, and (c) the welfare risks associated with bypassing testing of a technique before broad-scale application. Following the approach that has been used internationally to test kill-traps, we suggest the following four-step testing process: (1) range and field testing to confirm accuracy and precision, the delivery of appropriate kinetic energy levels and projectile behaviour, (2) post-mortem assessment of ballistic injury in cadavers, (3) small-scale live animal pilot studies with predetermined threshold pass/fail levels, and (4) broad-scale use with reporting of the frequency of adverse animal welfare outcomes. Wepresent this as a practical approach for maintaining and improving animal welfare standards when considering the use of ballistic technology for wildlife management.

Authors/Creators:Hampton, Jordan O. and Arnemo, Jon and Barnsley, Richard and Cattet, Marc and Daoust, Pierre-Yves and DeNicola, Anthony J. and Eccles, Grant and Fletcher, Don and Hinds, Lyn A. and Hunt, Rob and Portas, Timothy and Stokke, Sigbjørn and Warburton, Bruce and Wimpenny, Claire
Title:Animal welfare testing for shooting and darting free-ranging wildlife: a review and recommendations
Series Name/Journal:Wildlife Research
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:8
Page range:577-589
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISSN:1035-3712
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Fish and Wildlife Management
Keywords:ethics, fertility control, human dimensions, pest control, population control
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112033
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-112033
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1071/WR20107
Web of Science (WoS)000644909100001
ID Code:25998
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Nov 2021 12:25
Metadata Last Modified:01 Nov 2021 12:31

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