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Costs and equity of uncertain greenhouse gas reductions-fuel, food and negative emissions in Sweden

Gren, Ing-Marie and Tafesse Tirkaso, Wondmagegn (2021). Costs and equity of uncertain greenhouse gas reductions-fuel, food and negative emissions in Sweden. Energy Economics. 104 , 105638
[Research article]

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Abstract

Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) by reduction of fuel and food consumption and by implementation of negative emissions (such as forest carbon sequestration and carbon capture and storage) has been suggested in both scientific literature and practice, but there exist no calculations of the cost efficient combination of these measures. One challenge for calculations is the uncertainty in reductions of GHG, in particular for negative emissions, depending on e.g. stochastic weather conditions. This paper develops a static model with probabilistic emission constraints to calculate cost efficient emission reductions in the transportation (gasoline and diesel) and food (meat and dairy products) sectors combined with negative emission (carbon sequestration and carbon capture and storage technologies) creation in Sweden under uncertainty. The results show that emission reductions in fuel and food consumption are relatively expensive, and that carbon sequestration are relatively low cost measures. We also show that the regional effects at the county level are regressive, that is, that relatively poor counties will carry large cost burdens in the cost efficient solutions and that this effect is increased when negative emissions are included but decreased when uncertainty is considered.

Authors/Creators:Gren, Ing-Marie and Tafesse Tirkaso, Wondmagegn
Title:Costs and equity of uncertain greenhouse gas reductions-fuel, food and negative emissions in Sweden
Series Name/Journal:Energy Economics
Year of publishing :2021
Volume:104
Article number:105638
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:ELSEVIER
ISSN:0140-9883
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Keywords:GHG emissions, Cost efficiency, Equity, Transports, Food, Negative emissions, Uncertainty, Sweden
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114656
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-114656
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.eneco.2021.105638
Web of Science (WoS)000719288900008
ID Code:26293
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Dec 2021 16:25
Metadata Last Modified:09 Dec 2021 16:31

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